Article

Adaptive servo-ventilation improves renal function in patients with heart failure.

Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Medicine, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Hondoh 1-1-1, Akita 010-8543, Japan.
Respiratory medicine (Impact Factor: 2.33). 09/2011; 105(12):1946-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2011.09.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Impaired cardiac function and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are associated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in heart failure (HF) patients. Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy improves cardiac function in HF patients regardless of the SDB severity through hemodynamic support and prevention of repetitive hypoxic stress. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that ASV therapy improves renal function in HF patients with SDB.
Of 59 consecutively enrolled HF patients, 43 with moderate-to-severe SDB underwent ASV therapy. HF patients were divided into the ASV-treated group (n = 27) and the non-ASV-treated group (n = 16). Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), echocardiographic parameters, and inflammatory biomarkers were measured before and 12 months after ASV initiation. Improvement in the eGFR was found in the ASV-treated group, but not in the non-ASV-treated group. There was a positive correlation between the increases in eGFR and left ventricular ejection fraction (r = 0.488, p = 0.001). The changes in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were negatively correlated with change in the eGFR (r = -0.416, p = 0.006).
ASV therapy could improve renal dysfunction in HF patients through hemodynamic support. Additionally, prevention of SDB with the use of ASV therapy could exert anti-inflammatory effects, which could contribute to the improvement of renal function in HF patients.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
97 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AIMS: This study investigated whether abnormal cardiac sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) is associated with the severity of central sleep apnoea (CSA) and whether adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy can improve cardiac SNA in heart failure (HF) patients with predominant CSA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overnight polysomnography was conducted to diagnose CSA. Cardiac SNA was analysed by [(123)I]metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy in 26 consecutive HF patients with predominant CSA. Of the 26 patients, 10 agreed to ASV therapy. Cardiac SNA was analysed 6 months after initiating ASV based on a non-randomized protocol. The apnoea-hypopnoea index and central apnoea index were significantly correlated with the washout rate (WR) and a delayed heart to mediastinal (H/M) ratio, suggesting that SNA is associated with abnormal breathing patterns. The WR, H/M ratio, plasma BNP level, and LVEF were significantly improved (WR, 40.0 ± 11.6% vs. 34.6 ± 11.4%, P = 0.046; H/M ratio, 1.5 ± 0.1 vs.1.8 ± 0.3, P = 0.013; ln BNP, 5.4 ± 1.0 vs. 4.6 ± 1.2, P = 0.007; and LVEF, 43.8 ± 10.4% vs. 47.0 ± 10.6%, P < 0.001) in the ASV group patients, but not in the non-ASV group patients. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that a decreased WR was strongly associated with an increased LVEF (coefficient = -0.454, P = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal cardiac SNA could be significantly correlated with the severity of CSA in HF patients. ASV therapy might improve cardiac function in these patients by partially mediating cardiac SNA regulation.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 03/2013; · 5.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) play critical roles in the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it still remains unclear whether adaptive servoventilation (ASV) improves cardiorenal function and the prognosis of CHF patients with CKD and SDB. Eighty CHF patients with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate of <60 mL min(-1) 1.73 cm(-2)) and SDB (apnea-hypopnea index >15/h) were enrolled and divided into 2 groups: 36 patients were treated with usual care plus ASV (ASV group) and 44 patients were treated with usual care alone (Non-ASV group). Levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, glomerular filtration rate, cystatin C, C-reactive protein, noradrenaline, and left ventricular ejection fraction were measured before treatment and 6 months after treatment. Patients were followed to register cardiac events occurring after enrollment. Six months of ASV therapy reduced levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, cystatin C, C-reactive protein, and noradrenaline and improved the glomerular filtration rate and ejection fraction (all P < .05). However, none of these parameters changed in the Non-ASV group. Thirty-two events (14 deaths and 18 rehospitalizations) occurred during the follow-up period (mean 513 days). Importantly, the event-free rate was significantly higher in the ASV group than in the Non-ASV group (77.8% vs 45.5%; log rank P < .01). ASV improves the prognosis of CHF patients with CKD and SDB, with favorable effects such as the improvement of cardiorenal function and attenuation of inflammation and sympathetic nervous activity.
    Journal of cardiac failure 04/2013; 19(4):225-32. · 3.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) deteriorates the prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Adaptive servo ventilation (ASV) is a new therapeutic modality to treat SDB including Cheyne-Stokes respiration associated with central sleep apnea. Renal function plays critical roles in the progression of CHF and is a strong predictor of clinical outcomes. Cystatin C is a marker of renal function, and more sensitive than serum creatinine. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether ASV is effective for cardiac overload and renal dysfunction in CHF patients with SDB. Fifty patients with CHF and SDB (mean left ventricular ejection fraction 34.0 %, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 62.8 ml/min/1.73 cm(2)) were examined. We performed polysomnography for two consecutive days (baseline and on ASV), and measured levels of serum N terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP), cystatin C, and estimated glomerular filtration rate based on cystatin C (eGFR Cyst C). ASV significantly improved the apnea hypopnea index, central apnea index, obstructive apnea index, arousal index, mean SPO(2), and lowest SPO(2) compared to baseline. ASV decreased NT-pro BNP (1,109.0 (2,173.2) to 912.8 (1,576.7) pg/ml, p < 0.05), cystatin C (1.391 ± 0.550-1.348 ± 0.489 mg/l, p < 0.05), and increased eGFR Cyst C (61.9 ± 30.8-65.7 ± 33.8 ml/min/1.73 cm(2), p < 0.01). ASV improved SDB, reduced cardiac overload, and ameliorated renal function in CHF patients with SDB. ASV has short-term beneficial effects on not only SDB but also cardio-renal function. ASV might be a promising useful tool for CHF as an important non-pharmacotherapy with cardio-renal protection.
    Heart and Vessels 11/2012; · 2.13 Impact Factor