Adaptive servo-ventilation improves renal function in patients with heart failure.
ABSTRACT Impaired cardiac function and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are associated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in heart failure (HF) patients. Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy improves cardiac function in HF patients regardless of the SDB severity through hemodynamic support and prevention of repetitive hypoxic stress. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that ASV therapy improves renal function in HF patients with SDB.
Of 59 consecutively enrolled HF patients, 43 with moderate-to-severe SDB underwent ASV therapy. HF patients were divided into the ASV-treated group (n = 27) and the non-ASV-treated group (n = 16). Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), echocardiographic parameters, and inflammatory biomarkers were measured before and 12 months after ASV initiation. Improvement in the eGFR was found in the ASV-treated group, but not in the non-ASV-treated group. There was a positive correlation between the increases in eGFR and left ventricular ejection fraction (r = 0.488, p = 0.001). The changes in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were negatively correlated with change in the eGFR (r = -0.416, p = 0.006).
ASV therapy could improve renal dysfunction in HF patients through hemodynamic support. Additionally, prevention of SDB with the use of ASV therapy could exert anti-inflammatory effects, which could contribute to the improvement of renal function in HF patients.
- SourceAvailable from: Hiroyuki WatanabeInternational Journal of Cardiology 12/2014; 182C:216-218. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Oscillatory breathing (OB) patterns are observed in pre-term infants, patients with cardio-renal impairment, and in otherwise healthy humans exposed to high altitude. Enhanced carotid body (CB) chemoreflex sensitivity is common to all of these populations and is thought to contribute to these abnormal patterns by destabilizing the respiratory control system. OB patterns in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients are associated with greater levels of tonic and chemoreflex-evoked sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), which is associated with greater morbidity and poor prognosis. Enhanced chemoreflex drive may contribute to tonic elevations in SNA by strengthening the relationship between respiratory and sympathetic neural outflow. Elimination of CB afferents in experimental models of CHF has been shown to reduce OB, respiratory-sympathetic coupling, and renal SNA, and to improve autonomic balance in the heart. The CB chemoreceptors may play an important role in progression of CHF by contributing to respiratory instability and OB, which in turn further exacerbates tonic and chemoreflex-evoked increases in SNA to the heart and kidney.Frontiers in Physiology 11/2014; 5(438).
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ABSTRACT: Adaptive servoventilation (ASV) is an automated treatment modality used to treat many types of sleep-disordered breathing. Although default settings are available, clinician-specified settings determined in the sleep laboratory are preferred. Depending on the device, setting choices may include a fixed expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP) level or a range for autotitrating EPAP; minimum and maximum inspiratory positive airway pressure or pressure support values; and type of backup rate algorithm or a selectable fixed backup rate. ASV was initially proposed for treatment of central sleep apnea and Hunter-Cheyne-Stokes breathing associated with congestive heart failure (CHF), and numerous observational studies have demonstrated value in this setting. Other studies have reported varying efficacy in patients with complex sleep apnea syndromes, including those with mixtures of obstructive and central sleep-disordered breathing associated with CHF, renal failure, or OSA with central apneas developing on conventional positive airway pressure therapy. Patients with opioid-induced sleep apnea, both obstructive and central, may also respond to ASV. The variability in response to ASV in a given patient along with the myriad choices of specific models and settings demand a high degree of expertise from the clinician. Finally, randomized controlled studies are needed to determine long-term clinical efficacy of these devices.Chest 09/2014; 146(3):858-868. · 7.13 Impact Factor