Article

Adaptive servo-ventilation improves renal function in patients with heart failure.

Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Medicine, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Hondoh 1-1-1, Akita 010-8543, Japan.
Respiratory medicine (Impact Factor: 2.33). 09/2011; 105(12):1946-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2011.09.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Impaired cardiac function and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are associated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in heart failure (HF) patients. Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy improves cardiac function in HF patients regardless of the SDB severity through hemodynamic support and prevention of repetitive hypoxic stress. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that ASV therapy improves renal function in HF patients with SDB.
Of 59 consecutively enrolled HF patients, 43 with moderate-to-severe SDB underwent ASV therapy. HF patients were divided into the ASV-treated group (n = 27) and the non-ASV-treated group (n = 16). Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), echocardiographic parameters, and inflammatory biomarkers were measured before and 12 months after ASV initiation. Improvement in the eGFR was found in the ASV-treated group, but not in the non-ASV-treated group. There was a positive correlation between the increases in eGFR and left ventricular ejection fraction (r = 0.488, p = 0.001). The changes in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were negatively correlated with change in the eGFR (r = -0.416, p = 0.006).
ASV therapy could improve renal dysfunction in HF patients through hemodynamic support. Additionally, prevention of SDB with the use of ASV therapy could exert anti-inflammatory effects, which could contribute to the improvement of renal function in HF patients.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
98 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AIMS: This study investigated whether abnormal cardiac sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) is associated with the severity of central sleep apnoea (CSA) and whether adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy can improve cardiac SNA in heart failure (HF) patients with predominant CSA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overnight polysomnography was conducted to diagnose CSA. Cardiac SNA was analysed by [(123)I]metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy in 26 consecutive HF patients with predominant CSA. Of the 26 patients, 10 agreed to ASV therapy. Cardiac SNA was analysed 6 months after initiating ASV based on a non-randomized protocol. The apnoea-hypopnoea index and central apnoea index were significantly correlated with the washout rate (WR) and a delayed heart to mediastinal (H/M) ratio, suggesting that SNA is associated with abnormal breathing patterns. The WR, H/M ratio, plasma BNP level, and LVEF were significantly improved (WR, 40.0 ± 11.6% vs. 34.6 ± 11.4%, P = 0.046; H/M ratio, 1.5 ± 0.1 vs.1.8 ± 0.3, P = 0.013; ln BNP, 5.4 ± 1.0 vs. 4.6 ± 1.2, P = 0.007; and LVEF, 43.8 ± 10.4% vs. 47.0 ± 10.6%, P < 0.001) in the ASV group patients, but not in the non-ASV group patients. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that a decreased WR was strongly associated with an increased LVEF (coefficient = -0.454, P = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal cardiac SNA could be significantly correlated with the severity of CSA in HF patients. ASV therapy might improve cardiac function in these patients by partially mediating cardiac SNA regulation.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 03/2013; · 5.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) play critical roles in the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it still remains unclear whether adaptive servoventilation (ASV) improves cardiorenal function and the prognosis of CHF patients with CKD and SDB. Eighty CHF patients with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate of <60 mL min(-1) 1.73 cm(-2)) and SDB (apnea-hypopnea index >15/h) were enrolled and divided into 2 groups: 36 patients were treated with usual care plus ASV (ASV group) and 44 patients were treated with usual care alone (Non-ASV group). Levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, glomerular filtration rate, cystatin C, C-reactive protein, noradrenaline, and left ventricular ejection fraction were measured before treatment and 6 months after treatment. Patients were followed to register cardiac events occurring after enrollment. Six months of ASV therapy reduced levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, cystatin C, C-reactive protein, and noradrenaline and improved the glomerular filtration rate and ejection fraction (all P < .05). However, none of these parameters changed in the Non-ASV group. Thirty-two events (14 deaths and 18 rehospitalizations) occurred during the follow-up period (mean 513 days). Importantly, the event-free rate was significantly higher in the ASV group than in the Non-ASV group (77.8% vs 45.5%; log rank P < .01). ASV improves the prognosis of CHF patients with CKD and SDB, with favorable effects such as the improvement of cardiorenal function and attenuation of inflammation and sympathetic nervous activity.
    Journal of cardiac failure 04/2013; 19(4):225-32. · 3.25 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Short-duration adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy can be effective for heart failure (HF) patients. Albuminuria is recognized as a prognostic marker for HF. We investigated whether short-duration and short-term ASV therapy reduced albuminuria in HF patients. Methods and results Twenty-one consecutive HF patients were divided into two groups: those who tolerated ASV therapy (ASV group, n = 14) and those who did not (non-ASV group, n = 7). ASV therapy was administered to enrolled patients for 1 week for 2 h per day (1 h in the morning and 1 h in the afternoon). The urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR), urinary 24 h norepinephrine (NE) excretion, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels were measured before and 1 week after ASV therapy. In the ASV group, but not the non-ASV group, the UACR significantly decreased, together with a decrease in urinary NE and hs-CRP levels. There were significant correlations between the changes in UACR and hs-CRP and between the changes in urinary NE and hs-CRP. Multiple linear regression analyses indicated that ASV use was the strongest predictor of decreased UACR. Conclusion Albuminuria, urinary NE, and hs-CRP levels reduced in HF patients who could receive short-duration and short-term ASV therapy. Anti-inflammatory effects of ASV therapy may partly mediate the reduction of albuminuria.
    Journal of Cardiology. 01/2014;