Dislocation rate after hip arthroplasty within the first postoperative year: 36 mm versus 28 mm femoral heads. Hip Int

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, CTO Hospital, Turin, Italy.
Hip international: the journal of clinical and experimental research on hip pathology and therapy (Impact Factor: 0.76). 09/2011; 21(5):559-64. DOI: 10.5301/HIP.2011.8647
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Dislocation is a common and important complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Larger femoral heads may reduce the risk of dislocation and improve the range of movement. The aim of this study was to compare the relative risk (RR) of dislocation during the first year after THA between implants with 28 mm and 36 mm femoral heads. 198 consecutive hips with 28 mm femoral head (Group-28) and 259 hips with 36 mm femoral head (Group-36) were studied. The patients were assessed preoperatively and periodically using the Harris hip score (HHS) and radiographic analysis. The relative risk (RR) of dislocation was calculated. The average HHS significantly improved from a preoperative baseline to the last follow-up at 82.1 months (28 mm) and 44.3 months (36 mm). No statistically significant differences were revealed between the two groups for HHS results and complications (p>0.05), but the difference in RR of dislocation within the first year between the two groups was 7.85 (95% CI: 1.34-46.03), p=0.046.Although dislocation is multifactorial in etiology, the two groups were homogenous for all principal contributing factors except the diameter of the femoral head. Therefore, the use of 36-mm heads can reduce the risk of dislocation following THA by a factor of 8 compared to conventional 28 mm heads.

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    • "This approach is considered to have less effect on gait since the abductor muscles are not dissected (Shaw 1991, Hedlundh et al. 1995), but it has been associated with an increased risk of dislocations, with risk of injury to the sciatic nerve. More recent studies have shown that use of larger femoral head sizes can markedly reduce the dislocation rate (Amlie et al. 2010, Bistolfi et al. 2011, Ho et al. 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: Background The surgical approach in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is often based on surgeon preference and local traditions. The anterior muscle-sparing approach has recently gained popularity in Europe. We tested the hypothesis that patient satisfaction, pain, function, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after THA is not related to the surgical approach. Patients 1,476 patients identified through the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register were sent questionnaires 1–3 years after undergoing THA in the period from January 2008 to June 2010. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) included the hip disability osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-3L), visual analog scales (VAS) addressing pain and satisfaction, and questions about complications. 1,273 patients completed the questionnaires and were included in the analysis. Results Adjusted HOOS scores for pain, other symptoms, activities of daily living (ADL), sport/recreation, and quality of life were significantly worse (p < 0.001 to p = 0.03) for the lateral approach than for the anterior approach and the posterolateral approach (mean differences: 3.2–5.0). These results were related to more patient-reported limping with the lateral approach than with the anterior and posterolateral approaches (25% vs. 12% and 13%, respectively; p < 0.001). Interpretation Patients operated with the lateral approach reported worse outcomes 1–3 years after THA surgery. Self-reported limping occurred twice as often in patients who underwent THA with a lateral approach than in those who underwent THA with an anterior or posterolateral approach. There were no significant differences in patient-reported outcomes after THA between those who underwent THA with a posterolateral approach and those who underwent THA with an anterior approach.
    Acta Orthopaedica 06/2014; 85(5):1-7. DOI:10.3109/17453674.2014.934183 · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The purpose of the present study was to describe the long-term results of total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods From 1994 to 2001, 18 cementless THAs (14 SLE patients) were included in the present study. Four hips (three patients) were lost to follow-up. The remaining 14 hips (11 patients) were available for evaluation. The mean follow-up period was 13.1 (range, 10.0–16.4) years. The follow-up rate was 77.8 %. The mean age at the time of surgery was 35.2 (range, 27.4–51.0) years. Results Mean preoperative Harris Hip Score was 37.4 (range, 17.1–63.1) points, which improved to 94.5 (range, 73.9–100) points at final follow-up. Two hips had dislocation and were treated successfully with closed reduction. No patient in this study group had deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. One hip had peroneal nerve palsy. No superficial or deep wound infection was observed. Two hips of two patients required reoperation due to dislodgement of a polyethylene insert. With revision of the acetabular component for any reason considered to be a failure, the 10-year survival rate was 93 % (95 % CI, 0.79–1). Conclusion We have reported the long-term results of THA for ONFH with SLE. Although several reports have noted that the results of THA for ONFH are less favorable than those for osteoarthritis, the long-term results of THA for ONFH with SLE were acceptable. THA is an acceptable option for patients with advanced-stage or an extended region of ONFH.
    03/2012; 4(1). DOI:10.1007/s12570-012-0149-z
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    ABSTRACT: The aim is to perform the assessment of a modular cementless acetabular cup with a tapered internal design for all bearing couplings. In 190 unselected consecutive patients, 207 total hip arthroplasties were implanted. The implants were clinically and radiographically evaluated. Follow-up was 49.7 ± 8.1 months. The average Harris hip score improved from 55.5 ± 5.7 to 94.7 ± 3.4 (P < 0.05). All cups were well-positioned and stable. The Kaplan-Maier cumulative survivorship was 98.5 ± 0.8%. No significant differences have been noted in dividing patients according to the different liner materials (P < 0.005). The study, whose rationale is the novelty of this kind of implant, suggests the efficacy of the Delta-PF acetabular cup.
    MUSCULOSKELETAL SURGERY 01/2012; 96(2):89-94. DOI:10.1007/s12306-011-0177-9
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