Article

Percutaneous treatment of native aortic coarctation in adults.

Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, PO Box 22660, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Netherlands heart journal: monthly journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation (Impact Factor: 1.41). 09/2011; 19(10):436-9. DOI: 10.1007/s12471-011-0198-x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Aortic coarctation is a common congenital cardiac defect, which can be diagnosed over a wide range of ages and with varying degrees of severity. We present two cases of patients diagnosed with aortic coarctation in adulthood. Both patients were treated by an endovascular approach. These cases demonstrate the variety of indications in which percutaneous treatment is an excellent alternative for surgical treatment in adult native coarctation patients.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
89 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical treatment of complex aortic coarctation using partial cardiopulmonary bypass to increase the spinal cord protection. METHODS: A total of 15 patients (age range from 7 to 48 years) underwent coarctation repair through a left posterolateral thoracotomy with cardiopulmonary bypass. Cannulation was performed via the descending aorta and the main pulmonary artery. In all, six surgeries were performed under hypothermic circulatory arrest and nine repairs were performed under mild hypothermia. The clinical outcome regarding the development of restenosis, as well as major neurologic complication, was studied. RESULTS: There was no mortality. None of the patients developed paraplegia. Of the 15 patients, two developed a recurrent stenosis at the proximal anastomosis between the aortic arch and the aortic prothesis at a mean follow-up of 5.5 years. In the remaining 13 patients, echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging showed no evidence of a significant gradient. Conclusion Complex aortic coarctation without hypoplasia of the proximal aortic arch and intra-cardiac anomalies can be repaired with low mortality and neurologic morbidity via a left thoracotomy using cardiopulmonary bypass. The use of cardiopulmonary bypass goes along with a low risk of spinal cord and lower body ischaemia and provides a sufficient amount of time for the anastomoses.
    Cardiology in the Young 02/2013; · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Netherlands heart journal: monthly journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation 04/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aortic coarctation is a common congenital cardiovascular defect, which can be diagnosed over a wide range of ages and with varying degrees of severity. Surgery has proven to be an effective treatment for the management of native aortic coarctation, and remains the treatment of choice in neonates. Balloon angioplasty with or without stenting has evolved rapidly over the past decade. Balloon angioplasty is the treatment of choice in children with re-coarctation, and currently available immediate results in native coarctation are similar with regards to gradient reduction as compared with surgery. However, both treatment options carry the risk of restenosis and aortic wall complications, especially after balloon angioplasty without stenting in native coarctation. On the other hand, stent implantation has shown excellent short-term results in both children beyond infancy and in adults with native coarctation. In patients with recurrent coarctation who are at high surgical risk, balloon angioplasty and stent repair offer a less invasive and equally effective method. Stent repair is preferred over balloon angioplasty in adults and outgrown children with a recurrent coarctation, as the risk for re-coarctation and aneurysm formation seems to be lower. Data with regard to long-term outcome after percutaneous treatment strategies are scarce. This review summarizes the current insights in the efficacy and safety of both surgical and transcatheter treatment options for aortic coarctation.
    Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy 12/2012; 10(12):1517-31.

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
18 Downloads
Available from
May 19, 2014