The BRCA2 c.9004G>A (E2002K) [corrected] variant is likely pathogenic and recurs in breast and/or ovarian cancer families of French Canadian descent.
ABSTRACT Specific BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations recur in French Canadian breast and/or ovarian cancer families because of common ancestors, facilitating carrier detection in this population. We recently reported a BRCA2 c.9004G>A variant of unknown clinical significance in two French Canadian breast cancer families. It confers a E3002K alteration in the conserved C-terminus domain of BRCA2, and has been reported in non-French Canadian cancer families. Seven variant positive French Canadian families have since been identified by mutation screening of referrals to hereditary cancer clinics. In this article, we describe the cancer phenotypes of these families and further assess the contribution of this variant in the French Canadian population. We screened index breast cancer cases from 58 cancer families with at least three confirmed cases of breast and/or ovarian cancer and 960 breast cancer cases (48 years mean age) not selected for family history of cancer that were previously found not to carry the most common BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations reported in this population. The index variant-positive cases from each family had breast cancer between the ages of 35-55 years (43 years mean age); and reported close relatives with breast cancer diagnoses between the ages of 28-84 years (57 years mean age). Three families had ovarian or peritoneal cancers. BRCA2-associated cancers, such as bladder, esophagus, pancreas, prostate, and thyroid cancers also occurred in these families. One c.9004G>A carrier also harbored the PALB2 c.2323C>T (Q775X) mutation found to recur in French Canadian breast cancer cases. No new BRCA2 variant carriers were identified in mutation screens. The absence of BRCA2 c.9004G>A carriers in the breast cancer cases not selected for family history contrasts with familial cases, supporting a pathogenic status for this variant and addition to the existing common BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation-screening panel for French Canadian breast and/or ovarian cancer families.
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ABSTRACT: Single-nucleotide substitutions and small in-frame insertions or deletions identified in human breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are frequently classified as variants of unknown clinical significance (VUS) due to the availability of very limited information about their functional consequences. Such variants can most reliably be classified as pathogenic or non-pathogenic based on the data of their co-segregation with breast cancer in affected families and/or their co-occurrence with a pathogenic mutation. Biological assays that examine the effect of variants on protein function can provide important information that can be used in conjunction with available familial data to determine the pathogenicity of VUS. In this report, we have used a previously described mouse embryonic stem (mES) cell-based functional assay to characterize eight BRCA2 VUS that affect highly conserved amino acid residues and map to the N-terminal PALB2-binding or the C-terminal DNA-binding domains. For several of these variants, very limited co-segregation information is available, making it difficult to determine their pathogenicity. Based on their ability to rescue the lethality of Brca2-deficient mES cells and their effect on sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents, homologous recombination and genomic integrity, we have classified these variants as pathogenic or non-pathogenic. In addition, we have used homology-based modeling as a predictive tool to assess the effect of some of these variants on the structural integrity of the C-terminal DNA-binding domain and also generated a knock-in mouse model to analyze the physiological significance of a residue reported to be essential for the interaction of BRCA2 with meiosis-specific recombinase, DMC1.Human Molecular Genetics 06/2012; 21(18):3993-4006. · 7.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The PALB2 c.2323C>T [p.Q775X] mutation has been reported in at least three breast cancer families and breast cancer cases of French Canadian descent and this has been attributed to common ancestors. The number of mutation-positive cases reported varied based on criteria of ascertainment of index cases tested. Although inherited PALB2 mutations are associated with increased risks of developing breast cancer, risk to ovarian cancer has not been fully explored in this demographically unique population. METHODS: We screened the PALB2 p.Q775X variant in 71 families with at least three cases of breast cancer (n= 48) or breast and ovarian cancers (n=23) that have previously been found negative for at least the most common BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations reported in the French Canadian population and in 491 women of French Canadian descent who had invasive ovarian cancer and/or low malignant potential tumors of the major histopathological subtypes. RESULTS: We identified a PALB2 p.Q775X carrier in a breast cancer family, who had invasive ductal breast carcinomas at 39 and 42 years of age. We also identified a PALB2 p.Q775X carrier who had papillary serous ovarian cystadenocarcinoma at age 58 among the 238 serous subtype ovarian cancer cases investigated, who also had breast cancer at age 52. CONCLUSION: Our findings, taken together with previous reports, support adding PALB2 c.2323C>T p.Q775X to the list of cancer susceptibility genes for which founder mutations have been identified in the French Canadian population.BMC Medical Genetics 01/2013; 14(1):5. · 2.54 Impact Factor