Clinical research in cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention: looking back and moving forward.

Division of Cardiology, Cardiac Rehabilitation & Prevention, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Fletcher Allen Health Care, Burlington, Vermont, USA.
Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention (Impact Factor: 1.68). 09/2011; 31(6):333-41. DOI: 10.1097/HCR.0b013e31822f0f79
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention (CR/SP) programs are considered standard of care and provide critically important resources for optimizing the care of cardiac patients. The objective of this article is to briefly review the evolution of CR/SP programs from a singular exercise intervention to its current, more comprehensive multifaceted approach. In addition, we offer perspective on critical concerns and suggest future research considerations to optimize the effectiveness and utilization of CR/SP program interventions.


Available from: Kathy Berra, Jun 14, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about recovery of female sexual function following an acute myocardial infarction (MI). Interventions to improve sexual outcomes in women are limited. Semistructured, qualitative telephone interviews were conducted with 17 partnered women (aged 43 to 75 years) purposively selected from the Translational Research Investigating Underlying Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients' Health Status Registry to deepen knowledge of recovery of female sexual function following an acute myocardial infarction (MI) and to improve sexual outcomes in women. Sixteen women had a monogamous relationship with a male spouse; 1 had a long-term female partner. Most women resumed sexual activity within 4 weeks of their MI. Sexual problems and concerns were prevalent, including patient and/or partner fear of "causing another heart attack." Few women received counseling about sexual concerns or the safety of returning to sex. Most women who discussed sex with a physician initiated the discussion themselves. Inquiry about strategies to improve sexual outcomes elicited key themes: need for privacy, patient-centeredness, and information about the timing and safe resumption of sexual activity. In addition, respondents felt that counseling should be initiated by the treating cardiologist, who "knows whether your heart is safe," and then reinforced by the care team throughout the rehabilitation period. Partnered women commonly resume sexual activity soon after an MI with fear but without directed counseling from their physicians. Proactive attention to women's concerns related to sexual function and the safety of sexual activity following an MI could improve post-MI outcomes for women and their partners.
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