Article

Relationship between microalbuminuria and vulnerable plaque components in patients with acute coronary syndrome and with diabetes mellitus. Virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound.

Heart Center of Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.
Circulation Journal (Impact Factor: 3.58). 09/2011; 75(12):2893-901. DOI: 10.1253/circj.CJ-11-0663
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of the present study was to use virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) to evaluate the relationship between microalbuminuria and plaque components in 920 patients.
Patients with albumin levels <30mg/g creatinine were defined as having normoalbuminuria (n=824), and those with albumin levels 30-300mg/g as having microalbuminuria (n=96). The microalbuminuria group contained more patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; 72% vs. 61%, P=0.018) and more patients with diabetes (53% vs. 26%, P<0.001). In ACS patients, %necrotic core (NC) volume was significantly greater in the microalbuminuria group compared with the normoalbuminuria group (19±10% vs. 15±9%, P=0.019), but not in patients with stable angina. In ACS patients, thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) was observed more frequently in the microalbuminuria group (36% vs. 18%, P=0.008), and microalbuminuria was the independent predictor of TCFA (odds ratio [OR], 1.106; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.025-1.144, P=0.018). In diabetic patients, %NC volume was significantly greater in the microalbuminuria group compared with the normoalbuminuria group (20±9% vs. 16±10%, P=0.017), but not in non-diabetic patients. In diabetic patients, TCFA was observed more frequently in the microalbuminuria group (38% vs. 17%, P=0.002) and microalbuminuria was the independent predictor of TCFA (OR, 1.120; 95%CI: 1.038-1.204, P=0.012).
Microalbuminuria was associated with a higher number of vulnerable plaque components in ACS and diabetic patients. More intensive medical therapy is needed to stabilize the vulnerable plaque if microalbuminuria is observed in diabetic ACS patients.

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