Relationship Between Microalbuminuria and Vulnerable Plaque Components in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome and With Diabetes Mellitus - Virtual Histology-Intravascular Ultrasound
ABSTRACT The purpose of the present study was to use virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) to evaluate the relationship between microalbuminuria and plaque components in 920 patients.
Patients with albumin levels <30mg/g creatinine were defined as having normoalbuminuria (n=824), and those with albumin levels 30-300mg/g as having microalbuminuria (n=96). The microalbuminuria group contained more patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; 72% vs. 61%, P=0.018) and more patients with diabetes (53% vs. 26%, P<0.001). In ACS patients, %necrotic core (NC) volume was significantly greater in the microalbuminuria group compared with the normoalbuminuria group (19±10% vs. 15±9%, P=0.019), but not in patients with stable angina. In ACS patients, thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) was observed more frequently in the microalbuminuria group (36% vs. 18%, P=0.008), and microalbuminuria was the independent predictor of TCFA (odds ratio [OR], 1.106; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.025-1.144, P=0.018). In diabetic patients, %NC volume was significantly greater in the microalbuminuria group compared with the normoalbuminuria group (20±9% vs. 16±10%, P=0.017), but not in non-diabetic patients. In diabetic patients, TCFA was observed more frequently in the microalbuminuria group (38% vs. 17%, P=0.002) and microalbuminuria was the independent predictor of TCFA (OR, 1.120; 95%CI: 1.038-1.204, P=0.012).
Microalbuminuria was associated with a higher number of vulnerable plaque components in ACS and diabetic patients. More intensive medical therapy is needed to stabilize the vulnerable plaque if microalbuminuria is observed in diabetic ACS patients.
- Circulation Journal 12/2011; 75(12):2765-6. DOI:10.1253/circj.CJ-11-1167 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Albuminuria has traditionally been associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular events. However, few studies have examined the potential relation between albuminuria and periprocedural risk in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of albuminuria on the incidence of periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) in patients who underwent PCI. The study included 252 consecutive patients who underwent PCI. The incidence of PMI was significantly higher in patients with albuminuria than in those with normoalbuminuria (31.9% vs 43.3%, respectively, p = 0.014). Even after adjustment for confounders, the presence of albuminuria predicted PMI (odds ratio 2.07, 95% confidence interval 1.08 to 3.97, p = 0.029). Furthermore, patients with albuminuria and preserved estimated glomerular filtration rate had a 4.2-fold higher risk for PMI than did patients with normoalbuminuria and preserved estimated glomerular filtration rate. In conclusion, albuminuria was a strong predictor of PMI in patients who underwent PCI.The American journal of cardiology 04/2014; 114(1). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.03.058 · 3.43 Impact Factor