Perioperative Closure-related Complication Rates and Cost Analysis of Barbed Suture for Closure in TKA

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (Impact Factor: 2.77). 09/2011; 470(1):125-9. DOI: 10.1007/s11999-011-2104-7
Source: PubMed


The use of barbed suture for surgical closure has been associated with lower operative times, equivalent wound complication rate, and comparable cosmesis scores in the plastic surgery literature. Similar studies would help determine whether this technology is associated with low complication rates and reduced operating times for orthopaedic closures.
We compared a running barbed suture with an interrupted standard suture technique for layered closure in primary TKA to determine if the barbed suture would be associated with (1) shorter estimated closure times; (2) lower cost; and (3) similar closure-related perioperative complication rates.
We retrospectively compared two-layered closure techniques in primary TKA with either barbed or knotted sutures. The barbed group consisted of 104 primary TKAs closed with running barbed suture. The standard group consisted of 87 primary TKAs closed with interrupted suture. Cost analysis was based on cost of suture and operating room time. Clinical records were assessed for closure-related complications within the 6-week perioperative period.
Average estimated closure time was 2.3 minutes shorter with the use of barbed suture. The total closure cost was similar between the groups. The closure-related perioperative complication rates were similar between the groups.
Barbed suture is associated with a slightly shorter estimated closure time, although this small difference is of questionable clinical importance. With similar overall cost and no difference in perioperative complications in primary TKA, this closure methodology has led to more widespread use at our institution.

Download full-text


Available from: Jeremy M Gililland,
  • Source
    • "Stomach, jejunum and colon enterotomies were closed using the barbed suture and burststrength tested [14] [15]. On human subject, the efficacy and safety of these types of suture were tested in gynaecologic [16e18], plastic [19] [20], urologic [21e24] and orthopaedic surgery [25] without any differences respected to conventional monofilament sutures. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Barbed sutures are routinely used for laparotomy, peritoneal and mesenteric closure, but few studies have reported their use for intestinal anastomosis. We proposed their use for totally hand-sewn anastomosis during laparoscopic gastric bypass secured at the end of the suture with an absorbable clip. Materials and Method: Two totally hand-sewn single-layer extramucosal running sutures were performed for side-to-side gastrojejunal and jejuno-jejunal anastomosis during laparoscopic gastric bypass. Each run (anterior and posterior layer) was locked at the end by an absorbable poly-p-dioxanone suture clip. Results: A total of 96 hand-sewn anastomoses were performed. A total of two leaks occurred originating from the jejunaljejunal anastomosis. No cases of leakage from gastrojejunostomy were recorded. Two stenoses of the gastrojejunal anastomosis were recorded. They were successfully treated with three sessions of endoscopic balloon dilatation. No bleeding occurred. Conclusion: In our experience, the suture-related complication rate is comparable with the data reported in the literature. Further studies are needed to address the safety and efficacy of the self-maintained suture in digestive surgery. Copyright © 2014 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 10/2014; 12(12):1385-1389. DOI:10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.10.030 · 1.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the main bariatric procedures that require safe and reproducible anastomosis. The objective of this study is to compare the risk of leaks and stenosis of a mechanical gastric pouch jejunal anastomosis between the usual interrupted sutures and a continuous barbed suture for gastrojejunotomy, in order to reduce procedure time and costs. Methods: A comparative trial of 100 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was performed between October 2010 and July 2011. The population was divided into two groups of 50 consecutive patients. In the first group, gastrojejunotomy was sutured with resorbable interrupted sutures and the second with continuous barbed suture. Diabetes, body mass index and the American Society of Anaesthesiology score were compared. The time required for suturing and the incidence of anastomotic leaks and stricture were also compared after 6 months. Results: No fistulas or anastomotic stenoses had occurred at post-operative month 6 in either group. Gastrojejunotomy suture time was significantly shorter in the barbed suture group (11 versus 8.22 min; p < 0.01). Total costs of material to complete the reconstruction were significantly lower in the barbed suture group (€26.69 versus €18.33; p < 0.001). Conclusions: The use of barbed suture is as safe as usual sutures and allows easier and faster suture in the closure of gastrojejunotomy. This suture could be incorporated in the standard laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass technique.
    Obesity Surgery 09/2012; 23(1). DOI:10.1007/s11695-012-0763-4 · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The performance of the urethrovesical anastomosis is one of the most difficult steps in urologic laparoscopy. Many different techniques have been developed to improve this step and, recently, new sutures such as the V-loc (R) barbed system have been created. In the present study we analyze the usefulness of this suture for diminishing the time employed for the anastomosis suture during the learning curve of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Method: We performed a prospective comparative study between two groups. The first group included the first 50 cases of a novel surgeon using this barbed suture, and we compared these procedures with 50 consecutives cases of an experienced surgeon. We compared preoperative parameters, surgical and suturing times, as well as drain and catheter duration, and hospital stay. Results: We did not find statistically significant differences in any pre or postoperative parameters between both groups. Although surgical time was lower in the control group this difference was not statistically significant. The time used to perform the suture was lower in the study group, and we found significant differences between both groups. Neither drain nor bladder catheter times were different between groups. Conclusions: In the absence of prospective randomized trials comparing barbed or not barbed running sutures, our study shows that the use of the V-loc® system improves the times needed for the urethrovesical anastomosis during the learning curve of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.
    Archivos españoles de urología 10/2012; 65(8):752-758. · 0.31 Impact Factor
Show more