Detection and Prevention of Post-Operative Deep Vein Thrombosis [DVT] Using Nadroparin Among Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Operations in India; a Randomised Controlled Trial.
ABSTRACT Deep vein thrombosis [DVT] is one of the most dreaded complications in post-operative patients as it is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Majority of patients with postoperative DVT are asymptomatic. The pulmonary embolism, which is seen in 10% of the cases with proximal DVT, may be fatal. Therefore it becomes imperative to prevent DVT rather than to diagnose and treat. Only one randomized trial has been reported from India to assess the effectiveness of low molecular weight heparin in preventing post-operative DVT. To assess the risk of DVT in North Indian patients following major abdominal operations and to evaluate the effectiveness of Nadroparin, A Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) therapy in preventing post-operative DVT. Sixty five patients were randomised preoperatively into Group-I; Nadroparin prophylaxis and Group-II: No prophylaxis. The primary outcome was the occurrence of DVT, diagnosed by bilateral lower limb venogram performed, seven to ten days after operation. Secondary outcome measures included adverse effects of radio-opaque dye, intra-operative blood loss, operating time, postoperative platelet count, intraoperative blood transfusion requirements and the total duration of postoperative bed rest. No case of DVT occurred in either group. There was no statistical difference in the risk of secondary outcome measures in the two groups. DVT was not observed in any of the patients, even with several high risk factors indicating a possible protective mechanism in the North Indian population.
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ABSTRACT: A prospective study of 313 patients who underwent major spinal surgery. To determine the incidence of deep vein thrombosis after major spinal surgery in an east Asian population without antithrombotic prophylaxis. Spinal surgery has been associated with few thrombotic complications (2-14%) compared with other reconstructive surgeries (20-70%). It has also been well documented that the incidence of deep vein thrombosis in east Asians (10%) is lower than in westerners (20-70%) in total joint replacements. There has been no previous report on the incidence of deep vein thrombosis after reconstructive spinal surgery in east Asians. Three hundred thirteen patients who underwent major spinal surgery were evaluated prospectively. All patients were examined with duplex ultrasonography assessments of both lower extremities. No specific antithrombotic prophylaxis were used in any patients before or after surgery. There were four patients with positive findings of deep vein thrombosis on duplex ultrasonography, and there was only one with clinically symptomatic deep vein thrombosis. The overall incidence of thrombotic complications was 1.3%, and the incidence of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis was 0.3%. Considering the low rate of deep vein thrombosis, routine screening and prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis appears unwarranted in east Asians before or after major spinal surgery.Spine 08/2000; 25(14):1827-30. · 2.08 Impact Factor
Article: Autopsy proven pulmonary embolism in hospital patients: are we detecting enough deep vein thrombosis?[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the present status of pulmonary embolism as a cause of death in a general hospital patient population, a 5-year retrospective study of all autopsy reports and associated hospital records was undertaken. Pulmonary embolism was thought to be the cause of death in 239 of 2388 autopsies performed (10%): 15% of these patients were aged less than 60 years and 68% did not have cancer. Of these patients, 83% had deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in the legs at autopsy, of whom only 19% had symptoms of DVT before death. Only 3% of patients who had DVT at autopsy had undergone an investigation for such before death. Twenty-four per cent of patients who died from pulmonary embolism had undergone surgery a mean of 6.9 days before. Screening tests for DVT should be applied widely in the hospital population.Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 05/1989; 82(4):203-5. · 1.41 Impact Factor