Expression and significance of P53 protein and MDM-2 protein in human gliomas.

Department of Pathology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.
Chinese medical journal (Impact Factor: 1.02). 08/2011; 124(16):2530-3.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT P53 is one of the most studied tumor suppressors in the cancer research, and over 50% of human tumors carry P53 mutations. MDM-2 is amplified and/or overexpressed in a variety of human tumors of diverse tissue origin. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of P53 protein and MDM-2 protein in gliomas, and to investigate the relationship between the expression of the two proteins and the histopathological grades of glioma. The relationship between MDM-2 protein expression and P53 protein expression was also analyzed.
The expression of P53 protein and MDM-2 protein was immunohistochemically detected using monoclonal antibodies in 242 paraffin embedded tissues, including 30 normal brain tissues from patients with craniocerebral injury and 212 tissues from patients with primary glioma (grade I - II group: 5 cases of grade I, 119 cases of grade II; and grade III--IV group: 53 cases of grade III, and 35 cases of grade IV).
The P53 positive rate was significantly higher in the glioma groups than in the control group (P < 0.0001). The P53 positive rate was significantly higher in glioma tissues of grade III - IV than in glioma tissues of grade I - II group (P = 0.001). The MDM-2 positive rate was significantly higher in glioma groups than in the control group (P < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in the MDM-2 positive rate between the two glioma groups (P = 0.936). The expression of P53 protein was not related to expression of MDM-2 protein (P = 0.069)
Overexpression of P53 protein might be related to the occurrence and progression of glioma. Overexpression of MDM-2 protein may play an important role in glioma tumorigenesis, but may not be involved in glioma progression. The overexpression of MDM-2 protein was an early event in malignant transformation of glioma. MDM-2 may be a key player in glioma in its own right.

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    ABSTRACT: In 2010, four subtypes (classical, proneural, mesenchymal, and neural) of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) were defined by molecular genetic analyses. The objective of this study was to assess whether gliomas, independently of the type and grade, could be subdivided into protein-based subtypes. A tissue microarray (TMA) approach was applied to incorporate tissue samples of low-grade and high-grade gliomas into five TMAs. High expression levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), CD44, c-MER proto-oncogene tyrosine kinase (MERTK), platelet-derived growth factor receptor α, p53, oligodendrocyte transcription factor 2 (OLIG2) and isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 with the R132H mutation were assessed using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Glioma could be subdivided into four subtypes by IHC. The majority of the low-grade gliomas were of the proneural subtype, i.e. high p53 expression (63% of grade II). The classical subtype, with high EGFR and low p53 expression, was most common in GBMs (39%), followed by the proneural (29%) and mesenchymal (with high CD44 and MERTK expression) (29%) subtypes, a frequency that is in line with previously published data based on molecular genetics. Assessment of the expression of the five proteins EGFR, CD44, MERTK, p53 and OLIG2 is sufficient for subtyping gliomas, and can be recommended for implementation in clinical practice for both low-grade and high-grade gliomas.
    Histopathology 02/2014; 64(3):365-79. DOI:10.1111/his.12252 · 3.30 Impact Factor


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