Substantial technologic advances in radiation treatment planning and delivery have made possible exquisite tailoring of three-dimensional radiation dose distributions that conform to the tumor treatment volume while avoiding adjacent normal tissues. Although such highly precise treatment can increase the therapeutic ratio, it also introduces the potential that tumor extension outside the target is missed because it is unrecognized at the time of radiation treatment planning. As a result, accurate targeting of the tumor with radiation is of utmost importance to the radiation oncologist. Communication between diagnostic radiologists and radiation oncologists is essential, particularly given the subtleties that accompany image interpretation, to optimize the care of the cancer patient.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Radiation injuries often occur during or after radiation therapy in the abdomen or pelvis. Although any organ in the abdomen or pelvis may be exposed to and injured by radiation therapy directed to a nearby organ, this article focuses on more frequently encountered imaging findings of inadvertent radiation damage. It is important for the radiologist to be familiar with the imaging appearances of inadvertent radiation damage to abdominopelvic viscera in order to sustain clinical relevance and not mistake radiation injuries for other entities.
Radiologic Clinics of North America 09/2014; 52(5):1041-1053. DOI:10.1016/j.rcl.2014.05.004 · 1.98 Impact Factor
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