Left ventricular mechanical synchrony from stress and rest 82Rb PET myocardial perfusion ECG-gated studies: differentiating normal from LBBB patients.

Department of Radiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1364 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology (Impact Factor: 2.65). 09/2011; 18(6):1076-85. DOI: 10.1007/s12350-011-9455-z
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have previously reported normal values for LV mechanical synchrony from post-stress exercise (99m)Tc SPECT studies; the goal of this study was to develop normal values for mechanical synchrony from pharmacologic stress and rest (82)Rb PET studies and compare these values to a population of LBBB patients.
The normal population consisted of 40 patients with a low likelihood of coronary artery disease. The LBBB population consisted of 23 patients with ECG evidence of LBBB. All patients were imaged with pharmacologic stress and processed using SyncTool™ (Emory Cardiac Toolbox™). Means and standard deviations were calculated for the stress and rest phase parameters. Normal male and female phase standard deviation were 15.0 ± 7.0 and 13.2 ± 7.7, respectively, for stress (P = NS), and 22.7 ± 13.2 and 16.6 ± 14.3 for rest (P = NS). Normal male and female histogram bandwidth were 38.1 ± 13.3 and 32.0 ± 13.5, respectively, for stress (P = NS) and 50.8 ± 18.7 and 44.4 ± 44.9 for rest (P = NS). ROC analysis yielded a sensitivity/specificity as high as 80%/90% for males, and 92%/75% for females (P = NS).
Normal values for LV mechanical synchrony have been developed for (82)Rb pharmacologic stress and rest PET studies; furthermore, the stress pharmacologic values do not differ significantly from our previously reported exercise post-stress SPECT normal values. Finally, ROC analysis confirmed that these normal values were able to differentiate normal and LBBB populations.

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To investigate the value of gated F-18 FDG PET/CT on left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony assessment in comparison with gated Tc-99m sestamibi SPECT in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The data of 100 consecutive CAD patients who underwent both gated myocardial Tc-99m sestamibi SPECT and F-18 FDG PET/CT imaging were analyzed. Phase standard deviation (SD) and histogram bandwidth (BW) were derived from phase analysis using Cedars software package. The correlation and agreement of SD and BW between Tc-99m sestamibi SPECT and F-18 FDG PET/CT were examined. Myocardial viability and the site of latest activation assessed by the two imaging methods were compared as well. RESULTS: A moderate correlation for SD (r = 0.58, p < 0.0001) and BW (r = 0.60, p < 0.0001) was found between gated SPECT and gated F-18 FDG PET/CT. Bland-Altman analysis revealed an overestimation of SD and BW (6.4° ± 14.3° and 22.0° ± 46.8°) by gated F-18 FDG PET/CT. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified that significant LV remodeling on SPECT imaging, LV functional parameters and F-18 FDG uptake ratio of myocardium to blood pool (SUV(M/B)) were associated with the overestimation. Myocardial SPECT and F-18 FDG PET/CT had a 67.1 % identity in determining the latest activation site and 5.2 % more viable myocardium was detected by F-18 FDG PET/CT than SPECT. CONCLUSION: Gated F-18 FDG PET/CT moderately correlated with gated Tc-99m sestamibi SPECT in assessing LV dyssynchrony. Gated F-18 FDG PET/CT phase analysis should be cautiously applied in CAD patients with significant LV remodeling on SPECT imaging, severe LV functional impairment or poor myocardial F-18 FDG uptake.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 01/2013; DOI:10.1007/s12149-013-0691-y · 1.51 Impact Factor

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