Usefulness of Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography for Follow-Up of Coil Embolization With the Enterprise Stent for Cerebral Aneurysms
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and usefulness of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) and 3-dimensional (3D) time-of-flight (TOF) MRA for follow-up of intracranial aneurysms treated using the Enterprise stent.
Five aneurysm cases using the Enterprise stent were prospectively analyzed and were followed up with CE-MRA, 3D TOF MRA, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Depictions of parent artery lumen and the aneurysm neck with 3D TOF MRA and CE-MRA were compared with those of DSA.
In all cases, on 3D TOF MRA, it was difficult to evaluate the parent artery lumen and aneurysm neck owing to the significant artifacts from the stent. Contrast-enhanced MRA sufficiently demonstrated parent artery lumen and aneurysm neck distinctly and as clear as DSA did in all cases.
For follow-up after coiling with an Enterprise stent, CE-MRA may be necessary to avoid susceptibility artifacts caused by the stent.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a disabling disease. Endovascular coiling provides minimally invasive, effective, and safe treatment of both ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Intracranial stents have improved the endovascular treatment of complex aneurysms, but the long-term durability of this treatment modality needs clarification. To elucidate the long-term success of intracranial stent use in the treatment of aneurysms. Four hundred ten patients were treated with stent-assisted endovascular management of 464 aneurysms. Treatment of 363 small aneurysms, 88 large aneurysms, and 13 giant aneurysms was analyzed with respect to both long-term anatomical results using digital subtraction (DSA) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) over the follow-up period. The six-month angiographic results of 387 aneurysm treatments revealed complete aneurysm occlusion in 282 (72.9%), residual aneurysm neck in 50 (12.9%), and residual aneurysm filling in 55 (14.2%). Long-term radiographic follow-up, performed in 262 patients (mean 3.63 years), showed significant recurrence of only three aneurysms after six-month follow-up imaging. Forty-eight aneurysms (11.9%) were considered radiographic failures during the follow-up period. Aneurysm recurrence rate after stent-assisted embolization in this series was similar to published data using only coil embolization for the period between treatment and initial follow-up imaging. For aneurysms that do not initially recur, the presented data suggest improved durability in the subsequent, long-term follow-up period.Neurosurgery 12/2013; DOI:10.1227/NEU.0000000000000263 · 3.03 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Stent-assisted coiling (SAC) is increasingly used to treat complex unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) including wide-necked and fusiform IA. However, few data are available over the long-term results of this technique. We report our 9-year-experience of SAC of UIA. A retrospective review of our prospectively maintained database identified all patients treated by SAC for an UIA in 2 institutions. The clinical charts, procedural data and angiographic results were reviewed. Between 2004 and 2012, we identified 164 patients with 183 UIA. There were 115 women and 49 men with a mean age of 46 years. Embolization was successful in all patients. Procedural morbidity and mortality rates were 2.2% and 0% respectively. Immediate anatomical outcome included 54 complete occlusion (29.5%), 43 neck remnants (23.5%) and 86 incomplete occlusions (47%). Imaging follow-up was available in 137 patients (mean=26 months, range 3 to 99 months) and it showed 104 complete occlusions (75.9%), 23 neck remnants (16.8%) and 10 incomplete occlusions (7.3%). At follow-up, only 3 patients developed a significant intrastent stenosis, one of which was induced by radiosurgery. One of these patients had a symptomatic thrombo-embolic complication 3 years after stent placement. SAC of complex UIA is effective and associated with low complication rates. Even if immediate anatomical results are relatively unsatisfying, mid- and long-term follow-up show a major improvement with a high rate of adequate occlusion that is stable over time. Moreover, the long-term clinical and angiographic tolerance of intracranial stents is excellent.Journal of Neuroradiology 01/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.neurad.2014.01.001 · 1.13 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the interobserver and intermodality agreement in the interpretation of time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) for the follow-up of coiled intracranial aneurysms with the Enterprise stent. Two experienced neurointerventionists independently reviewed the follow-up MRA studies of 40 consecutive patients with 44 coiled aneurysms. All aneurysms were treated with assistance from the Enterprise stent and the radiologic follow-up intervals were greater than 6 months after the endovascular therapy. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) served as the reference standard. The degree of aneurysm occlusion was determined by an evaluation of the maximal intensity projection (MIP) and source images (SI) of the TOF MRA. The capability of the TOF MRA to depict the residual flow within the coiled aneurysms and the stented parent arteries was compared with that of the DSA. DSA showed stable occlusions in 25 aneurysms, minor recanalization in 8, and major recanalization in 11. Comparisons between the TOF MRA and conventional angiography showed that the MIP plus SI had almost perfect agreement (κ = 0.892, range 0.767 to 1.000) and had better agreement than with the MIP images only (κ = 0.598, range 0.370 to 0.826). In-stent stenosis of more than 33% was observed in 5 cases. Both MIP and SI of the MRA showed poor depiction of in-stent stenosis compared with the DSA. TOF MRA seemed to be reliable in screening for aneurysm recurrence after coil embolization with Enterprise stent assistance, especially in the evaluation of the SI, in addition to MIP images in the TOF MRA.Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 01/2014; 15(1):161-8. DOI:10.3348/kjr.2014.15.1.161 · 1.32 Impact FactorThis article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched formatRG Format enables you to read in context with side-by-side figures, citations, and feedback from experts in your field.