Epidermal growth factor receptor reactivation induced by E-prostanoid-3 receptor- and tumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting enzyme-dependent feedback exaggerates interleukin-8 production in airway cancer (NCI-H292) cells

Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0130, USA.
Experimental Cell Research (Impact Factor: 3.37). 09/2011; 317(18):2650-60. DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2011.08.023
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Airway epithelial cancer cells produce increased amounts of the chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8), inducing pro-tumor responses. Multiple stimuli induce airway epithelial IL-8 production epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) dependently, but the mechanisms that exaggerate IL-8 production in airway cancers remain unknown. Here we show that direct activation of EGFR (EGFR-P) by its ligand transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha induces a second EGFR-P in human airway (NCI-H292) cancer cells but not in normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells, exaggerating IL-8 production in these cancer cells. The second EGFR-P in NCI-H292 cells was caused by metalloprotease TNF-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE)-dependent cleavage of EGFR pro-ligands and was responsible for most of the total IL-8 induced by TGF-alpha. In NCI-H292 cells, TGF-alpha induced cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-dependent prostaglandin (PG)E2 production and release. PGE2 increased the second EGFR-P and IL-8 production via binding to its Gi-protein-coupled E-prostanoid (EP)3 receptor. In NHBE cells, TGF-alpha-induced EGFR-P did not lead to PGE2 production or to a second EGFR-P, and less IL-8 was produced. Thus, we conclude that a positive feedback pathway involving COX-2/PGE2/EP3 receptor-dependent EGFR reactivation exaggerates IL-8 production in NCI-H292 cancer cells but not in NHBE (normal) cells.

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