Type 2 diabetes in obese patients with body mass index of 30-35 kg/m(2): sleeve gastrectomy versus medical treatment
ABSTRACT Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity are diseases of epidemic proportions. Long-term realistic weight loss by nonsurgical methods has a variable effect on glycemic control, and only a proportion of patients with T2DM have a worthwhile response. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been proposed as an advantageous bariatric procedure for patients with a lower body mass index (BMI). Our objective was to compare the effects of LSG and medical therapy on patients with T2DM and a BMI of <35 kg/m(2).
A total of 18 nonmorbidly obese patients with T2DM, diagnosed according to the American Diabetes Association guidelines, were consecutively enrolled. Of these patients, 9 underwent LSG (group A) and 9 underwent conventional medical therapy (group B). The 2 groups were matched for BMI, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and C-peptide levels, pretrial therapy type, and number of patients with a T2DM duration of >10 years.
In group A, T2DM resolution was achieved in 8 (88.8%) of the 9 patients (T2DM duration 5.2 yr). Hypertension was controlled in all 8 of 9 patients. Dyslipidemia was corrected. In 1 patient, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome improved. In group B, all 9 patients continued to have T2DM and required hypertensive and hypolipemic therapies throughout the observation period. At baseline, 3 patients were affected by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and remained affected 1 year later.
The results of the present study have confirmed the efficacy of LSG in the treatment of nonmorbidly obese T2DM patients, with a remission rate of 88.8% without undesirable excessive weight loss. The results in this group of patients add to those obtained by us in patients with a BMI >35 kg/m(2).
- SourceAvailable from: Hans Eickhoff02/2015, Degree: PhD, Supervisor: Francisco Castro e Sousa
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ABSTRACT: Background. Data concerning laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in mild obesity are under investigation. Aim/Objective. May 2010 to May 2012, 122 consecutive patients with preoperative body mass index (BMI) of 33 ± 2.5 kg/m(2) (range 30-34.9) undergoing LSG were studied. Mean age was 33 ± 10 years (range 15-60), and 105 (86%) were women. Mean preoperative weight was 91 ± 9.7 kg (range 66-121), and preoperative excess weight was 30 ± 6.7 kg (range 19-43). Comorbidities were detected in 44 (36%) patients. Results. Mean operative time was 58 ± 15 min (range 40-95), and postoperative stay was 1.8 ± 0.19 days (range 1.5-3). There were no admissions to intensive care unit and no deaths within 30 days of surgery. The rates of leaks and strictures were 0%, and of hemorrhage 1.6%. At 12 months, BMI decreased to 24.7 ± 2, and the percentage of excess weight loss (% EWL) reached 76.5%. None of the patients had a BMI below 20 kg/m(2). Comorbidities resolved in 70.5% or improved in 29.5%. Patient satisfaction scoring (1-5) at least 1 year after was 4.6 ± 0.8 for body image and 4.4 ± 0.6 for food tolerance. Conclusion. LSG for mildly obese patients has proved to be technically relatively easy, safe, and benefic in the short term.Journal of obesity 01/2012; 2012:813650. DOI:10.1155/2012/813650
- 07/2012; 2(2):75-6. DOI:10.4103/2229-516X.106346