Soluble CD14 and CD14 Polymorphisms in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Omaha Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.
The Journal of Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 3.19). 09/2011; 38(12):2509-16. DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.110378
Source: PubMed


Soluble CD14 (sCD14) is involved in innate immune responses and has been implicated to play a pathogenic role in inflammatory diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). No studies have identified the specific factors that influence sCD14 expression in RA. We used cross-sectional data to evaluate the relationship of sCD14 concentrations in RA with measures of disease activity and severity. We hypothesized that sCD14 concentrations would be elevated in subjects with greater RA disease severity and markers of disease activity, compared to subjects with lower disease activity. We also examined whether well-defined polymorphisms in CD14 are associated with sCD14 expression in RA.
Soluble CD14 concentrations were measured using banked serum from patients with RA (n = 1270) and controls (n = 186). Associations of patient factors including demographics, measures of RA disease activity/severity, and select CD14 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) with sCD14 concentration were examined in patients with RA using ordinal logistic regression.
Circulating concentrations of sCD14 were higher in patients with RA compared to controls (p < 0.0001). Factors significantly and independently associated with higher sCD14 levels in patients with RA included older age, being white (vs African American), lower body mass index, elevated high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and higher levels of disease activity based on the Disease Activity Score (DAS28). There were no significant associations of CD14 tagging SNP with sCD14 level in either univariate or multivariable analyses.
Circulating levels of sCD14 are increased in RA and are highest in patients with increased levels of RA disease activity. In the context of RA, sCD14 concentrations also appear to be strongly influenced by specific patient factors including older age and race but not by genetic variation in CD14.

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    • "Only 2 studies had investigated the role of this polymorphism in RA and both concluded that the CD14 C/T -159 SNP do not constitute a predisposition factor to RA and do not influence its severity [29,30]. Inversely, levels of sCD14 were correlated to RA susceptibility, disease activity and occurrence of radiological damage [29,30] confirming that CD14 is deeply involved in RA pathogenesis. The fact that the investigation of CD14 C/T -159 SNP failed to confirm its impact might be due to, first genetic and epigenetic factors that could influence the gene transcription, second to a weak role that could be missed in case control studies. "
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