Solution properties of murine leukemia virus gag protein: differences from HIV-1 gag.
ABSTRACT Immature retrovirus particles are assembled from the multidomain Gag protein. In these particles, the Gag proteins are arranged radially as elongated rods. We have previously characterized the properties of HIV-1 Gag in solution. In the absence of nucleic acid, HIV-1 Gag displays moderately weak interprotein interactions, existing in monomer-dimer equilibrium. Neutron scattering and hydrodynamic studies suggest that the protein is compact, and biochemical studies indicate that the two ends can approach close in three-dimensional space, implying the need for a significant conformational change during assembly. We now describe the properties of the Gag protein of Moloney murine leukemia virus (MLV), a gammaretrovirus. We found that this protein is very different from HIV-1 Gag: it has much weaker protein-protein interaction and is predominantly monomeric in solution. This has allowed us to study the protein by small-angle X-ray scattering and to build a low-resolution molecular envelope for the protein. We found that MLV Gag is extended in solution, with an axial ratio of ∼7, comparable to its dimensions in immature particles. Mutational analysis suggests that runs of prolines in its matrix and p12 domains and the highly charged stretch at the C terminus of its capsid domain all contribute to this extended conformation. These differences between MLV Gag and HIV-1 Gag and their implications for retroviral assembly are discussed.
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ABSTRACT: The Gag polyprotein is key to the budding of retroviruses from host cells and is cleaved upon virion maturation, the N-terminal membrane-binding domain forming the matrix protein (MA). The 2.8-A resolution crystal structure of MA of equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV), a lentivirus, reveals that, despite showing no sequence similarity, more than half of the molecule can be superimposed on the MAs of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). However, unlike the structures formed by HIV-1 and SIV MAs, the oligomerization state observed is not trimeric. We discuss the potential of this molecule for membrane binding in the light of conformational differences between EIAV MA and HIV or SIV MA.Journal of Virology 03/2002; 76(4):1876-83. · 5.40 Impact Factor
Article: Determination of molecular weights and frictional ratios of proteins in impure systems by use of gel filtration and density gradient centrifugation. Application to crude preparations of sulfite and hydroxylamine reductases.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 03/1966; 112(2):346-62. · 4.66 Impact Factor
Article: Three-dimensional structure of the M-MuLV CA protein on a lipid monolayer: a general model for retroviral capsid assembly.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Although retroviruses from different genera form morphologically distinct capsids, we have proposed that all of these structures are composed of similar hexameric arrays of capsid (CA) protein subunits and that their distinct morphologies reflect different distributions of pentameric declinations that allow the structures to close. Consistent with this model, CA proteins from both HIV-1 and Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) form similar hexagonal lattices. However, recent structural studies have suggested that the Moloney murine leukemia virus (M-MuLV) CA protein may assemble differently. We now report an independent three-dimensional reconstruction of two-dimensional crystals of M-MuLV CA. This new reconstruction reveals a hexameric lattice that is similar to those formed by HIV-1 and RSV CA, supporting a generalized model for retroviral capsid assembly.The EMBO Journal 07/2003; 22(12):2886-92. · 9.20 Impact Factor