[Diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous esophageal rupture].
ABSTRACT Spontaneous esophageal rupture is a comparatively rare disease, and thought to be a severe emergency disease clinically. Most patients of spontaneous esophageal rupture complained of chest pain after vomiting, which required an appropriate diagnosis. Emergency operation for the extra-mediastinal rupture type and intra-mediastinal rupture type, also conservative treatment for the intra-mediastinal rupture type achieved satisfactory results. The procedure consisted of closure of the perforation site with left thoracotomy and gastric fundic patch via the transhiatal approach. To prevent post-operative empyema and mediastinal abscess formation, insertion of a conventional thoracic drainage tube and another fixed drainage tube from the posterior diaphragm to the lateral border of the vertebral column along the thoracic descending aorta seemed effective. The patients with spontaneous esophageal rupture underwent continuous irrigation and suction via these drainage tubes after the operation.