Contacts between domestic livestock and wildlife at the Kruger National Park Interface of the Republic of South Africa

Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, Texas A&M University, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, College Station, TX 77843-4458, USA.
Preventive Veterinary Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.17). 09/2011; 103(1):16-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.08.003
Source: PubMed


One of the most important transboundary animal diseases (TADs) in the southern African region is foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). In this region, a pathway for spread of FMD virus is contacts between cattle and certain species of wildlife. The objective of this study was to evaluate contacts between cattle and wildlife in the Kruger National Park (KNP) and the adjacent Limpopo province for the time periods October 2006 to March 2007 and April to September 2007. In this study, 87 livestock owners and 57 KNP field rangers were interviewed. Fifteen (17%) livestock owners reported contacts between wildlife and cattle. More livestock owners reported observing contacts between cattle and all wildlife species during October-March than April-September (p=0.012). However, no difference was found between these periods for contacts between cattle and individual wildlife species. A total of 18 (32%) field rangers reported contacts between cattle and wildlife. The most common species-specific contacts were between cattle and buffalo (63/year), cattle and impala (17/year) and cattle and lion (10/year). There were no significant differences in rangers reporting observed contacts between cattle and wildlife during October-March versus April-September or between rangers reporting observed contacts outside versus within the KNP. Overall, there was no evidence of higher contact rates between cattle and wildlife in the study area during October-March compared to April-September. Contact data collected in this study can be used to better understand the transmission of FMD virus in this region.


Available from: Ferran Jori
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    • "It is unrivalled among South Africa's 19 national parks, being home to an unparalleled diversity of wildlife and is maintained by one of the world's most sophisticated management systems (Braack, 2000). KNP has a long history of DCA management and impact, including negatively impacting on peoples' well-being through damage to people, livestock and property (Chaminuka, McCrindle, & Udo, 2012), increased risk of disease transfer between wildlife and livestock (Brahmbhatt et al., 2012), as well as negative impacts on conservation through losing support for biodiversity as well as retaliatory killing of wildlife. Damage by wildlife has contributed to many communities feeling dissatisfied with park authorities in the past (Anthony, 2007; Cock & Fig, 2000). "
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    ABSTRACT: Wildlife damage compensation schemes have been used worldwide as a mechanism to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts. These have had mixed success due to a number of factors, including a lack of shared understanding of the problem and how to monitor and evaluate effectiveness. The long history of damage-causing animals (DCAs) which exit the Kruger National Park (KNP), South Africa, inflicting damage on persons and property, increasing risk of disease transfer between wildlife and livestock, and seriously undermining the livelihoods of local communities, remains a contentious issue. As a partial response and within a strategic adaptive management framework, the park and its larger governing body, SANParks, have negotiated a wildlife damage compensation scheme with local communities, which entails financial retribution given to farmers who have previously lost livestock to DCAs originating from the park. A corollary scheme will see compensation paid to valid claims commencing from 2014. Here we present findings of a novel study undertaken with KNP staff, livestock farmers, and others to co-identify potential indicators of an objective-based participatory monitoring and evaluation program for the scheme. Based on a multi-method approach, a wide array of goals and objectives were articulated for the scheme. In addition, 88 program indicators were generated as potential measures to monitor change. This suite of indicators is both qualitative and quantitative in nature and, if adopted in whole or in part, would enlist the involvement of a broad range of stakeholders. The first step at consolidating these indicators are presented, and are based on information sources, methodological tools, and institutions responsible for monitoring.
    Journal for Nature Conservation 06/2015; 26. DOI:10.1016/j.jnc.2015.05.004 · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    • "In addition, contacts may also occur by cattle entering the KNP for grazing and drinking, as seen in our study and reported elsewhere [19] [20]. It is important to note that contact , as defined in our study, does not necessarily imply direct contact but includes indirect contact via shared water or grazing. "

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    ABSTRACT: This study investigates the presence of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in domestic and wild animals living in the wildlife/livestock interface area of the Kruger National Park (KNP) in South Africa. Fifty fecal samples from domestic calves in rural communities and 142 fecal samples from impala (Aepyceros melampus) and buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in the KNP were analysed for Enterocytozoon bieneusi, using a nested PCR targeting the internal transcribed spacer of the rRNA gene. All wildlife samples were negative for E. bieneusi, whereas nine (18%) calf samples were positive. Three cattle specific genotypes (group 2) were identified, belonging to the known genotypes BEB4 and I, and one novel genotype (BEB3-like). One human-pathogenic genotype (D) was detected in one calf. This is the first study on microsporidia performed in a wildlife/livestock interface area of sub-Saharan Africa. Our findings show that at least one genotype of zoonotic importance is circulating in native cattle in the study area and the rest of the identified microsporidia were host-specific genotypes. Larger studies in domestic animals, humans and wildlife are necessary to assess the public health significance of E. bieneusi in that interface area.
    Veterinary Parasitology 07/2012; 190(3-4). DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2012.06.031 · 2.46 Impact Factor
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