Skin cancer--primary and secondary prevention (information campaigns and screening)--with a focus on children & sunbeds.

Department Molecular Cellbiology, Dermatology Center Buxtehude, Elbekliniken Stade/Buxtehude, Klinikum Buxtehude, Buxtehude, Germany.
Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 3.38). 09/2011; 107(3):473-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2011.08.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Solar and artificial (sunbed) UV-exposure is the main risk factor for the development of epithelial skin cancer (basal cell carcinoma, BCC, and squamous cell carcinoma, SCC) as well for malignant melanoma (MM). UV exposure in childhood and adolescence is especially important. Therefore, adequate methods of primary prevention have continuously to be used and to be developed further to target these age-groups in order to reduce the risks of intensive UV-exposure. Primary prevention can effectively be combined with secondary prevention (early detection, screening) to reduce the burden of skin cancer and to decrease incidence, morbidity and mortality.

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    ABSTRACT: In recent decades the numbers of cases of skin cancer have been increasing worldwide in light skinned populations. In Germany skin cancer is the most common form of cancer. To reduce the burden of skin cancer protection from ultraviolet radiation (primary prevention) and early detection (secondary prevention) of the disease play a decisive role. In this context information to the population about preventive behavior and the support of informed decision-making in skin cancer screening are important aspects in communication. This paper gives an overview about communicational aspects in the promotion of skin cancer prevention. In the development of communicational interventions it is important to identify the relevant target groups. Relevant key opinion leaders have to be included in the information process. Additionally, interventions should be based on a theoretical framework and be designed for the respective target group. Furthermore, different forms of communication and communication tools are provided for the realization of an information intervention. To appraise the intervention elements of summative and formal evaluation are available. The current results provide important findings about different effects of communicational aspects on knowledge and behavior of the population; however, due to the complexity of information interventions a particular effect cannot be explained by a single communicational element.
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