Serum MMP-8 levels increase in colorectal cancer and correlate with disease course and inflammatory properties of primary tumors.
ABSTRACT Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) form a family of zinc-dependent endoproteases participating in cancer pathogenesis by promoting invasion and regulating growth signaling, apoptosis, angiogenesis and immune responses. MMP-8 is an intriguing MMP with recently discovered antitumor activity and immunoregulatory properties, but its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been studied extensively. Preoperative serum MMP-8 levels (S-MMP-8) of 148 CRC patients and 83 healthy controls were measured using an immunofluorometric assay and related to clinical and pathological parameters. The patients had higher S-MMP-8 than the controls (median 63.0 vs. 17.2 ng/ml, p = 1.5E - 9), and a receiver operating characteristics analysis yielded an area under the curve of 0.751 in differentiating the groups. In univariate analyses, S-MMP-8 correlated positively with disease stage (p = 4.5E - 4), the degree of primary tumor necrosis (p = 0.0024) and blood neutrophil count (Pearson r = 0.523, p = 2.5E - 9). Particular interest was also addressed to the inflammatory properties of the tumors, and both variables studied, peritumoral tumor-destructing inflammatory infiltrate and Crohn's-like lymphoid reaction (CLR), showed a negative correlation with S-MMP-8 (p = 0.041 and p = 0.0057, respectively). In a multiple linear regression analysis, high S-MMP-8 associated with elevated blood neutrophil count, distant metastases, low-grade CLR and low body mass index. Overall, our results indicate that MMP-8 is involved in the course and progression of CRC influencing the immune response against the tumor and contributing to the resolution of necrosis. Serum or plasma MMP-8 may prove to be a worthy biomarker for CRC.
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Article: Gelatinase concentrations and zymographic profiles in human breast cancer: matrix metalloproteinases circulating in plasma are better markers for the subclassification and early prediction of cancer: the coagulation/fibrinolysis pathways alter the release, activation and recovery of different gelatinases in serum.International Journal of Cancer 08/2007; 121(1):216-8; author reply 219-23. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The action of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) was originally believed to be restricted to degradation of the extracellular matrix; however, in recent years, it has become evident that these proteases can modify many nonmatrix substrates, such as cytokines and chemokines. The use of MMP-deficient animals has revealed that these proteases can indeed influence the progression of various inflammatory processes. This review aims to provide the reader with a concise overview of these novel MMP functions in relation to leukocyte migration.Journal of Leukocyte Biology 01/2008; 82(6):1375-81. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Animal and cell studies indicate an inhibitory effect of matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP8) on tumorigenesis and metastasis. We investigated whether MMP8 gene variation was associated with breast cancer metastasis and prognosis in humans. We first studied nine tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the MMP8 gene in 140 clinically and pathologically well-characterized breast cancer patients. Four of the SNPs were found to be associated with lymph node metastasis, the most pronounced being a promoter SNP (rs11225395) with its minor allele (T) associating with reduced susceptibility to lymph node metastasis (P = 0.02). This SNP was further evaluated for association with cancer relapse and survival among a cohort of approximately 1,100 breast cancer patients who had been followed for cancer recurrence and mortality for a median of 7.1 years. The T allele was associated with reduced cancer relapse and greater survival, particularly among patients with earlier stage cancer. Among patients of tumor-node-metastasis stage 0 to II, the adjusted hazard ratio of disease-free survival was 0.7 [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.5-0.9] for patients carrying T allele compared with those homozygous for the C allele (P = 0.02). In vitro experiments showed that the T allele had higher promoter activity than the C allele in breast cancer cells. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed binding of nuclear proteins to the DNA sequence at the SNP site of the T allele but not that of the C allele. The data suggest that MMP8 gene variation may influence breast cancer prognosis and support the notion that MMP8 has an inhibitory effect on cancer metastasis.Cancer Research 12/2007; 67(21):10214-21. · 8.65 Impact Factor