Article

Comprehensive diabetes management program for poorly controlled Hispanic type 2 patients at a community health center.

Baystate Health Systems, Springfield, MA 01105, USA.
The Diabetes Educator (Impact Factor: 1.92). 01/2011; 37(5):680-8. DOI: 10.1177/0145721711416257
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Technology and improved care coordination models can help diabetes educators and providers meet national care standards and provide culturally sensitive diabetes education that may improve diabetes outcomes. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of a nurse-led diabetes care program (Comprehensive Diabetes Management Program, CDMP) for poorly controlled Hispanic type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients in an urban community health center setting. Patients were randomized to the intervention condition (IC; n = 21) or an attention control condition (AC; n = 18). IC and AC conditions were compared on rates of adherence to national clinical practice guidelines (blood glucose, blood pressure, foot exam, eye exam), and levels of diabetes distress, depression, and treatment satisfaction. IC patients had a significant improvement in A1C from baseline to 12-month follow-up compared with AC (-1.6% ± 1.4% versus -0.6% ± 1.1%; P = .01). The proportion of IC patients meeting clinical goals at follow-up tended to be higher than AC for A1c (IC = 45%; AC = 28%), systolic blood pressure (IC = 55%; AC = 28%), eye screening (IC = 91%; AC = 78%), and foot screening, (IC = 86%; AC = 72%). Diabetes distress and treatment satisfaction also showed greater improvement for IC than AC (P = .05 and P = .06, respectively), with no differences for depression. The CDMP intervention was more effective than an attention control condition in helping patients meet evidence-based guidelines for diabetes care.

Full-text

Available from: Nancy A Allen, Nov 18, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
134 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PurposeThe purpose of the study was to measure the current level of awareness of the American Heart Association's 7 risk/protective factors of cardiovascular health among adults with diabetes of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin and to identify factors associated with knowledge deficits.MethodsA cross-sectional survey measured demographic data, personal behaviors/health factors, cardiovascular disease (CVD) history, and knowledge of 7 components of ideal cardiovascular health (smoking, obesity, exercise, diet, cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose). A subset of 331 Hispanic and white patients with diabetes was surveyed. Knowledge scores were dichotomized between full knowledge (7 components) and less than full knowledge and compared between ethnicities using multiple logistic regression.ResultsSeventy-nine percent of surveys were returned; 50.5% of subjects were Hispanic. Median age was 64.5 years with 60.7% being female. Two-thirds of the sample completed high school and 26% reported comorbid CVD. Recognition of diabetes as a risk factor didn't differ by ethnicity. Thirty-five percent of respondents identified 7 American Heart Association risk factors. Hispanics were less likely to identify 7 components. After adjustment for education and English literacy, the difference disappeared. Better knowledge was positively associated with healthier behaviors for high cholesterol, hypertension, and exercise only among white patients.Conclusions Hispanic patients with diabetes exhibit less knowledge about CVD risk/protective factors due to lower education and English literacy. Educational interventions should be tailored to those with less education/limited English proficiency.
    The Diabetes Educator 02/2014; 40(3). DOI:10.1177/0145721714524450 · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare usual diabetes care (UDC) to a comprehensive diabetes care intervention condition (IC) involving an Internet-based "diabetes dashboard" management tool used by clinicians. We used a parallel-groups randomized design. Diabetes nurses, diabetes dietitians, and providers used the diabetes dashboard as a clinical decision support system to deliver a five-visit, 6-month intervention to n = 199 poorly controlled (HbA1c >7.5% [58 mmol/mol]) Latino type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients (mean age 55 years, 60% female) at urban community health centers. We compared this intervention to an established, in-house UDC program (n = 200) for its impact on blood glucose control and psychosocial outcomes. Recruitment and retention rates were 79.0 and 88.5%, respectively. Compared with UDC, more IC patients reached HbA1c targets of <7% (53 mmol/mol; 15.8 vs. 7.0%, respectively, P < 0.01) and <8% (64 mmol/mol; 45.2 vs. 25.3%, respectively, P < 0.001). In multiple linear regression adjusting for baseline HbA1c, adjusted mean ± SE HbA1c at follow-up was significantly lower in the IC compared with the UDC group (P < 0.001; IC 8.4 ± 0.10%; UDC 9.2 ± 0.10%). The results showed lower diabetes distress at follow-up for IC patients (40.4 ± 2.1) as compared with UDC patients (48.3 ± 2.0) (P < 0.01), and also lower social distress (32.2 ± 1.3 vs. 27.2 ± 1.4, P < 0.01). There was a similar, statistically significant (P < 0.01) improvement for both groups in the proportion of patients moving from depressed status at baseline to nondepressed at follow-up (41.8 vs. 40%; no significance between groups). The diabetes dashboard intervention significantly improved diabetes-related outcomes among Latinos with poorly controlled T2D compared with a similar diabetes team condition without access to the diabetes dashboard. © 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.
    Diabetes Care 01/2015; DOI:10.2337/dc14-1412 · 8.57 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the impact of patient education on adherence to a diabetes care plan (e.g., anthropometric, lipidemic, and glycemic parameters) among adults with type II diabetes mellitus without adequate glycemic control. A total of 61 ambulatory adults with type II diabetes mellitus (mean age: 53.6 ± 8.2 years, 70.5% female) were evaluated for anthropometrics, duration of diabetes mellitus, type of anti-diabetic treatment, blood biochemistry, and glycemic parameters in this 3-month prospective observational single-center study. During the course of the study, participants demonstrated a significant decrease in body weight and fat percentage and HbA1c (p < .001 for each). None of the factors evaluated was a significant determinant for glycemic parameters. These findings revealed that adults with type II diabetes mellitus who received education on adherence to routine self-monitoring of blood glucose, standard diabetic diet, and an exercise program delivered by certified diabetes educators had better glycemic control and significant decrease in body weight and fat percentage over a 3-month monitoring period. [Workplace Health Saf 20XX;XX(X):XX-XX.].
    09/2014; 62(12):1-8. DOI:10.3928/21650799-20140826-02