The antiviral activities of extracts from Daucus maritimus seeds were investigated against the reverse transcriptase of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 and a panel of RNA-dependent RNA polymerases of dengue virus, West Nile virus (WNV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). The extracts showed moderate to potent inhibition rates against the four viral polymerases. The ethyl acetate extract exhibited a potent inhibitory effect against WNV's RdRp, with an IC₅₀ value of 8 µg mL⁻¹. The F₂ fraction exhibited potent inhibitory activity against WNV and HCV's RdRps, with IC₅₀ values 1 and 5 µg mL⁻¹, respectively. The P₂ fraction also showed potent inhibitory effects on WNV and HCV's RdRps, with IC₅₀ values 2.7 and 4 µg mL⁻¹, respectively. The results suggest that these extracts are candidates for the development of new anti-WNV RpDp and anti-HCV RpDp agents.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Viruses are one of the main hazards for both humans and animals. They enter in the living body and redirect body’s metabolism to produce large copies of their genome and proteins. Diseases caused by these viruses are difficult to tackle with the help of currently available antiviral drugs. So the aim of this study was to explore the plants with reported antiviral activity, to get understanding for better control of these viruses. Herpes virus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), influenza and hepatitis virus were at top among all studied viruses. Prominent modes of action against these viruses were inhibition of viral entry and its replication in host cell. Against RNA viruses plants mainly targeted their Reverse Transcriptase (RT) enzyme (like HIV) or protease (mostly found against hepatitis C virus). A range of active compounds have been identified which could be the potential antiviral agents for future drug development. Some plants like Allium sativum, Daucus maritimus, Helichrysum aureonitens, Pterocaulon sphacelatum and Quillaja saponaria emerged to have broad spectrum antiviral activity. Detail study of their phytochemicals and mode of action against these viruses could be help full for more effective control of hazardous viruses.
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 12/2011; 6(12):1125-1152. DOI:10.3923/ajava.2011.1125.1152 · 0.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Arthropod borne flaviviral diseases are a major public health concern in the tropics. However, the majority of cases are associated with Dengue virus (DENV),
Yellow Fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV) and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infections. Despite their profound clinical and economic impact among
large sections of the population there is a lack of effective treatment against these diseases. A large number of plants are available in nature, which may act as a source for lead molecules against various diseases including arthropod borne flaviviral infections. In this review we discuss various crude extracts as well as
purified compounds from natural sources with promising anti-DENV, YFV, WNV and CHIKV activity
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this work was to examine the phytochemicals present in different aqueous and organic extracts from different organs of Daucus crinitus Desf. and to evaluate their antimicrobial activity. Phytochemical screening was done to characterize the secondary metabolites in various solvent extracts, and antimicrobial activity was evaluated by agar disk diffusion and broth microdilution to determine inhibition zone diameters and MICs. A remarkable antimicrobial effect was observed in organic extracts of stems and seeds (MIC = 0.31-0.83 mg/ml on S. aureus, B. cereus, and C. albicans) containing many phytochemical families such as coumarins, flavonoids, reducing sugars, steroids, tannins, and terpenes. Daucus crinitus may be a good source of bioactive molecules endowed with antimicrobial activity.
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