Inflammatory pseudotumors mimicking intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma of the liver; IgG4-positivity and its clinical significance.
ABSTRACT Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) of the liver is a benign condition with a good prognosis. However, it is difficult to distinguish clinical and radiological findings of IPT from those of malignancies. The aims of this study are to determine the clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics, particularly relating to the role of the autoimmune mechanism in the development of inflammatory pseudotumours (IPTs) of the liver, and to suggest appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategy.
The clinical, diagnostic, and pathological characteristics including IgG4 immunohistochemical stain and follow-up data of 22 IPT patients were retrospectively analyzed.
The patients were 16 men and 6 women with a mean age of 59 years. Fifteen patients (68.2%) had associated biliary diseases. Of the 16 patients treated conservatively, the masses completely resolved in 10 patients, and reduced in size in 5 patients within the first 6 months. The remaining 6 patients were treated by surgical resection. IgG4 staining of 17 tissue samples from 22 patients were negative, most of the infiltrate being of fibrohistiocytic type, whereas 4 of 5 lymphoplasmacytic cells of dominant tumors show positive staining of IgG4. Although IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis was mostly of lymphoplasmacytic type, other histological and clinical characteristics were similar in both types of IPTs.
IPTs of the liver can be diagnosed based on radiological and pathological findings by needle biopsy. Although the lymphoplasmacytic type of IPTs seems to correspond to IgG4-related disease, as assessed by IgG4 immunohistochemical stain, its clinical significance is unknown. Although most IPTs can be resolved with conservative therapy, surgical resection should be considered in cases of uncertain biopsy result, presumed malignant lesion, combination with other pathology, or lack of response to conservative management.
- American Journal of Roentgenology 01/1997; 167(6):1598. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare benign tumor of unknown origin, it has the appearance of a malignant tumor but has a benign histology and clinical course. Therefore, we studied five patients with IPT of the liver to determine what examination can aid in its diagnosis. Five cases of inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver were analyzed. All patients were examined by echography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) and angiography to diagnose the liver tumor. In all patients echography and CT scan showed a similar appearance while MRI showed a variable pattern. In two patients ERC showed a stenotic image of intra-hepatic bile ducts. In the angiographic study, the arterial phase in three patients showed a hypervascular tumor and in one patient, a hypovascular tumor. Vascular abnormality was presented in one patient. Similarly, portography in four patients showed some abnormality. We performed ultrasonography-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in two patients in order to diagnose IPT. Histological examinations of two patients were consistent with IPT. The other three patients underwent surgical treatment for a cholangiocellular carcinoma or abscess. It is difficult to diagnose IPT of the liver exclusively with an image examination. Ultrasonography-guided percutaneous liver biopsy should be performed in order to diagnose IPT by histology.International Journal of Molecular Medicine 10/2002; 10(3):281-5. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Thoracic surgeons have limited experience of inflammatory pseudotumors of the lung owing to their rare occurrence in routine clinical practice. We retrospectively investigated the clinicopathologic features of 18 patients with inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung observed between 1992 and 2002. There were 13 men and 5 women. Median age was 57 years. Eight patients (44%) were symptomatic. Computed tomographic scan showed a solitary nodule (< or =3 cm) in 12 patients, bilateral nodules in 1, and a mass in 5. Two patients had undergone prior incomplete resections. Lobectomy was performed in 5 patients, bilobectomy in 1, segmentectomy in 1, and wedge resection in 11. Complete resection was achieved in 13 patients (72%). There was no operative mortality. Follow-up was complete in all patients (range, 13 to 134 months; median, 63 months). Overall 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 82% and 74%, respectively. Thirteen patients are currently alive with no evidence of disease, 1 is alive with disease, 1 died of unrelated causes, and 3 had a relapse and died. Completeness of resection and lesion size less than or equal to 3 cm were associated with a better survival (p < 0.001 and p = 0.007, respectively). Multivariate Cox analysis confirmed the association between completeness of resection and better survival, which is independent of other clinicopathologic variables (p = 0.02). This series shows that a significant number of patients with inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung have a poor prognosis and confirms the need for radical resection in the treatment of this unusual entity.The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2005; 79(2):426-32. · 3.74 Impact Factor