Medical Schools in the United States, 2010-2011

Division of Undergraduate Medical Education, American Medical Association, 515 N State St, Chicago, IL 60654, USA.
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association (Impact Factor: 30.39). 09/2011; 306(9):1007-14. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2011.1220
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Background Ratios of women graduating from the only US military medical school and entering surgical internships were reviewed and compared to national trends. Methods Data was obtained from the USUHS graduation announcements from 2002-2012. Results There were 1771 graduates from 2002-2012 with 508 female (29%) and 1263 male (71%). Female graduates increased over time (21-39%; p=0.014). Female general surgery interns increased from 3.9% to 39% (p=0.025). Female overall surgical subspecialty interns increased from 20% in 2002 up to 36% in 2012 (p=0.046). Women were represented well in obstetrics (57%), urology (44%) and otolaryngology (31%), but not in neurosurgery, orthopedics and ophthalmology (0-20%). Conclusion The gender disparity between military and civilian medical students occurs before entry. Once in medical school, females are just as likely to enter general surgery or surgical subspecialty as their male counterparts. Increased ratio of females in the class is unlikely to lead to a shortfall except in specific subspecialties.
    The American Journal of Surgery 10/2014; 208(4). DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.05.009 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose MD-PhD scientists are a successful, but small and fairly homogenous group of biomedical researchers. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study to identify predictors of MD-PhD program enrollment to inform evidence-based strategies to increase the size and diversity of the biomedical research workforce. Method Using deidentified data from all 2001-2006 Pre-Medical College Admission Test Questionnaire (PMQ) respondents, they developed multivariate logistic regression models to identify demographic, experiential, and attitudinal variables associated with MD-PhD program enrollment at matriculation compared with all other MD program enrollment at matriculation and with not enrolling in medical school by August 2012. Results Of 207,436 PMQ respondents with complete data for all variables of interest, 2,575 (1.2%) were MD-PhD program enrollees, 80,856 (39.0%) were other MD program enrollees, and 124,005 (59.8%) were non-medicalschool matriculants. Respondents who were black (versus white), were high school and college laboratory research apprenticeship participants, and highly endorsed the importance of research/finding cures as reasons to study medicine were more likely to be MD-PhD program enrollees, whereas respondents who highly endorsed the status of medicine as a reason to study medicine were less likely to be MD-PhD program enrollees than either other MD program enrollees or non-medical-school matriculants. Conclusions MD-PhD program directors succeed in enrolling students whose attitudes and interests align with MD-PhD program goals. Continued efforts are needed to promote MD-PhD workforce diversity and the value of high school and college research apprenticeships for students considering careers as physician-scientists.
    Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 07/2014; 89(10). DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000400 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The number of medical schools offering MD and MBA training has increased fivefold in the last two decades. The authors evaluated graduates' perceptions of the role of such training on their career and professional development. Method In 2011, the authors surveyed physician graduates from the Wharton School MBA Program in Heath Care Management at the University of Pennsylvania from 1981 to 2010. Survey responses were analyzed and evaluated using grounded theory. Results Among 247 eligible graduates, 59.9% (148/247) completed the questionnaire and 89.9% (133/148) of them provided free-text responses. Approximately 85.1% (126/148) of respondents were male and 79.7% (118/148) entered residency training; however, both rates declined slightly over time. Among respondents within their first decade after graduation, 46.2% (24/52) reported clinical practice as their primary work sector compared with 39.5% (15/38) among respondents 11 to 20 years after graduation and 19.2% (5/26) of respondents 21 to 30 years after graduation. Overall, graduates reported mostly positive attitudes and often noted the benefits of career acceleration, professional flexibility, and credibility in multidisciplinary domains. The few negative remarks were focused on the opportunity cost of time and how peers in one discipline may negatively perceive the role of the other discipline's degree. Conclusions Graduates with an MD and MBA report mostly positive attitudes towards their training, and many are pursuing leadership and primarily nonclinical roles later in their careers. These findings reveal new insights for policies affecting physician workforce. Further study is necessary to evaluate whether similar trends exist more broadly.
    Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 06/2014; 89(9). DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000366 · 3.47 Impact Factor