Candidal infections of ventriculoperitoneal shunts.
ABSTRACT Although ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt infection is a common complication of shunt procedures, fungal infection is considered to be rare. In the present study, we performed retrospective analysis of six cases in which candida infection occurred. In all these six cases, VP shunt was performed in children for hydrocephalus and the onset of symptoms varied between seven days to one month after the surgical procedure was performed. The commonest clinical signs and symptoms were fever (100%), vomiting (100%), and altered sensorium (50%). The commonest isolate was Candida albicans (66.66%) followed by Candida parapsilosis and Candida glabrata in one case each. All the patients were successfully treated with Amphotericin B and there was no mortality recorded.
Article: Candida albicans shunt infection.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Seven cases of successfully treated Candida albicans cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections are reported. Treatment consisted of shunt removal and intravenous Amphotericin B in all cases and intraventricular Amphotericin B in 4 cases. Serious underlying medical illness, recent antibiotic therapy, indwelling intravascular and/or Foley catheters, coincident candidiasis and low birth weight prematurity are major risk factors for candida shunt infection. Candida shunt infection appears to occur by either contamination at the time of shunt placement or by hematogenous dissemination.Pediatric neuroscience 02/1989; 15(3):125-30.
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ABSTRACT: Little information is available on long-term neurodevelopment of premature neonates with invasive candidal infections. We retrospectively studied the outcomes for 25 premature neonates (birth weight, < 1,250 g) with candidemia or candidal meningitis (cases) and compared them with 25 neonates matched for birth weight (+/- 100 g) and gestational age (+/- 1 week) (controls). Durations of antibiotic therapy, artificial ventilation, invasive catheterizations, and hyperalimentation were longer for cases than for controls. Cases had a higher final grade of intraventricular hemorrhage than did controls (median: 3.0 vs. 2.5, respectively; P < .05). Forty-four percent (11 of 25) of cases and 16% (4 of 25) of controls died (P > .05), and 29% (4 of 14) of surviving cases and 14% (3 of 21) of controls were disabled (P > .05). More cases had combined mortality and neurodevelopmental disabilities than did controls (60% vs. 28%, respectively; P < .05). Use of invasive therapies should be minimized for premature neonates at risk for invasive candidal infection that is associated with adverse outcomes.Clinical Infectious Diseases 09/1998; 27(3):559-65. · 9.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Central nervous system (CNS) shunt infection is a cause of significant morbidity, causing shunt malfunction and chronic ill health. This study was carried out to evaluate the infection rate associated with CNS shunts, assess the frequency of the pathogens as well as their antibiotic sensitivity pattern aiming at suitable prophylaxis. A retrospective analysis of 226 CSF cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt procedures sent for bacteriological work up over a period of one year and six months was undertaken. Laboratory diagnosis was established by subjecting the CSF to cell count, biochemical tests, bacteriological culture and antibiotic susceptibility test. Nine out of 226(3.98%) of the CSF samples were culture positive. Coagulase negative Staphylococcus was the most common isolate accounting for 36.36%. Majority of the isolates were sensitive to the thirdgeneration cephalosporins and quinolones. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern suggests cephalosporins and quinolones to be a better choice of antibiotics either prophylactically or therapeutically, which may result in effective and rapid sterilisation of the CSF.Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology 02/2006; 24(1):52-4. · 0.91 Impact Factor