Cylindroma transforming into basal cell carcinoma in a patient with Brooke -Spiegler syndrome

Department of Dermatology, CSK MSWiA, Warsaw, Poland.
Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 12/2007; 1(1):4-9. DOI: 10.3315/jdcr.2007.1.1002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Brooke-Spiegler syndrome is a rare condition with a predisposition to develop cutaneous adnexal neoplasms, especially cylindromas, trichoepitheliomas and spiradenomas. Malignant transformation of cylindromas is rare. In such cases usually cylindrocarcinomas develop within these lesions. We present an unusual case of basal cell carcinoma developing within a preexisting cylindroma.
58-year-old woman with a 30-year history of multiple dermal cylindromas extensively involving her scalp was referred for dermatological treatment. The patient reported that one of the long-lasting lesions, 5.5 cm in size, ulcerated within the foregoing few weeks. Histopathology confirmed cylindromas and basal cell carcinoma within the ulcerating tumor. Surgical excision of largest cylindroma tumors led to cosmetic and functional improvement. Magnetic resonance and computed tomography showed tumor infiltration into the skull lamina externa. Metastases were excluded by chest radiography and abdominal ultrasound examination.
Patients with Brooke-Spiegler syndrome should be followed-up for malignant transformation of skin tumors to prevent deep penetration and possible metastases.

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Available from: Lidia Rudnicka, Sep 27, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Brooke-Spiegler syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with variable penetrance and expression. It is characterized by a genetic predisposition to develop multiple adnexal neoplasias: cylindromas, trichoepitheliomas, and trichoblastomas. We describe a 54-year-old male patient with cylindromas, trichoepitheliomas, and trichoblastoma.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Brooke-Spiegler syndrome (BSS) is a rare, inherited, autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of multiple adnexal neoplasms including spiradenomas, cylindromas, trichoepitheliomas and major and minor salivary glands neoplasms. This syndrome encompasses a wide variability of clinical phenotypes depending on the variable number of tumours present in the given patient.Objective Somatic mutations in adjunct to CYLD germline mutations may play a central role in the development of the tumour phenotype and in the genotype-phenotype correlations.Methods Blood sample and paraffin embedded tissue biopsied from three cylindromas, one trichoepithelioma and one spiradenomas were collected after obtaining informed consent from our patient and genomic DNA was isolated.ResultsWe found out a novel germline mutation in the CYLD gene in exon 15 that resulted in the deletion of one nucleotide. This gives rise to a premature translational termination codon at amino acid position 693 prior to four Cys-X-X-Cys pairs and one of the two catalytic domains of ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolases. In only one cylindroma we detected the same germline mutation (c.2070delT/p.F690FfsX3) in addition to two somatic events (I645V and R936X). The presence of this unique mutation could be linked to the peculiar phenotype of our patient who presented an attenuated form of BSS, an autosomal dominant inheritance with low penetrance and no additional visceral tumours.Conclusions The overall phenotype of our patient may support the hypothesis that somatic mutations in adjunct to CYLD germline mutations may play a central role in the development of the tumour phenotype and in the genotype-phenotype correlations.
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