Antihypertensive drug-induced angioedema causing upper airway obstruction in children
ABSTRACT Angioedema is a well-described complication arising from the use of antihypertensive agents in the adult population. However, its occurrence and potential for upper airway compromise in pediatrics has only been sporadically reported in the literature. Our objective is to report and review the occurrence of antihypertensive-induced angioedema in the pediatric population and the potential for airway compromise.
Charts of 42 patients admitted to Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center with the discharge diagnosis of angioedema (ICD-9 code 995.1) from January 2000 to January 2010 were reviewed. Of the 42 charts, 3 cases had angioedema induced by antihypertensive drugs and all 3 resulted in upper airway obstruction. Summary and findings of the data collected from the medical chart review included demographics, chief complaint(s), past medical history, hospital course, antihypertensive drugs used, diagnostic test(s), medical treatment, and time from onset of symptoms to resolution. In addition, a PubMed literature search using the terms angioedema and antihypertensive drugs was performed to review its occurrence in pediatrics. The previous literature case reports were compared to our cases to further characterize and emphasize the clinical features of this occurrence in children and adolescents.
Despite the well-known occurrence of antihypertensive drug-induced angioedema causing airway obstruction in adults, only 4 case reports have been previously published in children. At our institution, we describe 3 children who developed acute angioedema with upper airway obstruction after the chronic use of antihypertensive medications [2 drugs in the ACE inhibitor class (enalapril and lisinopril), and 1 drug in the calcium channel blocker class (CCB; amlodipine)]. In all 3 cases, the symptoms resolved within 1 week after the antihypertensive agent was discontinued.
Upper airway obstruction can occur at any age when taking antihypertensive drugs. Particular caution should be applied to ACE inhibitors and CCBs in this regard. With the increasing use of antihypertensive agents in the pediatric population, clinicians should be alert to the possibility of angioedema with upper airway obstruction as a potential lethal adverse effect.
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ABSTRACT: Key Clinical MessageWe report a case of a 9-year-old female with known end-stage kidney disease who presented with sudden onset tongue swelling. A diagnosis of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema related to bradykinin accumulation was made. Her symptoms resolved shortly after discontinuation of captopril. Early diagnosis can save patients from severe upper airway obstruction.04/2015; DOI:10.1002/ccr3.265
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Despite its relatively common occurrence and life-threatening potential, the management of angioedema in the emergency department (ED) is lacking in terms of a structured approach. It is paramount to distinguish the different etiologies of angioedema from one another and more specifically differentiate histaminergic-mediated angioedema from bradykinin-mediated angioedema, especially in lieu of the more novel treatments that have recently become available for bradykinin-mediated angioedema. With this background in mind, this consensus parameter for the evaluation and management of angioedema attempts to provide a working framework for emergency physicians (EPs) in approaching the patient with angioedema in terms of diagnosis and management in the ED. This consensus parameter was developed from a collaborative effort among a group of EPs and leading allergists with expertise in angioedema. After rigorous debate, review of the literature, and expert opinion, the following consensus guideline document was created. The document has been endorsed by the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI) and the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM).Academic Emergency Medicine 04/2014; 21(4). DOI:10.1111/acem.12341 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Herbal containing medicine consumption has increased while the awareness of adverse drug reaction (ADR) was less than conventional medicine. Early detection of unexpected numbers of ADRs from herbal medicines' reports which are abnormal from the whole database needs quantification. Disproportionality analysis has been performed for signal detection by using reporting odds ratio (ROR) as measurement. The impact of having medicine as exposures in each ADR should be measured by using reported population attributable risks (RPAR). This study aimed to quantify the contribution of Thai traditional medicine (TTM) to ADR reports and to assess the association between TTMs and serious adverse drug reactions. Data were retrieved from the adverse drug reaction surveillance database, Thai-Food and Drug Administration from 2002 - 2013. Crude and adjusted RORs for each drug-ADR pair and RPARs were computed. TTM contributed only 0.001% of all serious ADRs reported. Out of 4,208 TTM-ADR pairs examined, three had a statistically significant ROR, namely Andrographis paniculata and anaphylactic shock (ROR 2.32, 95%CI 1.03, 5.21); green traditional medicine and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (ROR 13.04, 95%CI 5.4 - 31.51) and Derris scandens Benth and angioedema (ROR 2.71, 95%CI 1.05 - 6.95). Their RPARs ranged from 0.05 - 0.16%. We conclude that TTM needs more intensive surveillance.Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 06/2014; 70(1). DOI:10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.06.007 · 2.14 Impact Factor