Titration-free 454 sequencing using Y adapters.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Nature Protocol (Impact Factor: 8.36). 08/2011; 6(9):1367-76. DOI: 10.1038/nprot.2011.369
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We describe a protocol for construction and quantification of libraries for emulsion PCR (emPCR)-based sequencing platforms such as Roche 454 or Ion Torrent PGM. The protocol involves library construction using customized Y adapters, quantification using TaqMan-MGB (minor groove binder) probe-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) and calculation of an optimal template-to-bead ratio based on Poisson statistics, thereby avoiding the need for a laborious titration assay. Unlike other qPCR methods, the TaqMan-MGB probe specifically quantifies effective libraries in molar concentration and does not require specialized equipment. A single quality control step prior to emulsion PCR ensures that libraries contain no adapter dimers and have an optimal length distribution. The presented protocol takes ∼7 h to prepare eight barcoded libraries from genomic DNA into libraries that are ready to use for full-scale emPCR. It will be useful, for example, to allow analyses of precious clinical samples and amplification-free metatranscriptomics.

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