Article

Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia with corticobasal degeneration pathology: phenotypic comparison to bvFTD with Pick's disease.

University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Journal of Molecular Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 2.76). 09/2011; 45(3):594-608. DOI: 10.1007/s12031-011-9615-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Patients with corticobasal degeneration (CBD) pathology present with diverse clinical syndromes also associated with other neuropathologies, including corticobasal syndrome, progressive nonfluent aphasia, and an Alzheimer's-type dementia. Some present with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), though this subtype still requires more detailed clinical characterization. All patients with CBD pathology and clinical assessment were reviewed (N = 17) and selected if they initially met criteria for bvFTD [bvFTD(CBD), N = 5]. Available bvFTD patients with Pick's [bvFTD(Pick's), N = 5] were selected as controls. Patients were also compared to healthy older controls [N = 53] on neuropsychological and neuroimaging measures. At initial presentation, bvFTD(CBD) showed few neuropsychological or motor differences from bvFTD(Pick's). Neuropsychiatrically, they were predominantly apathetic with less florid social disinhibition and eating disturbances, and were more anxious than bvFTD(Pick's) patients. Voxel-based morphometry revealed similar patterns of predominantly frontal atrophy between bvFTD groups, though overall degree of atrophy was less severe in bvFTD(CBD), who also showed comparative preservation of the frontoinsular rim, with dorsal > ventral frontal atrophy, and sparing of temporal and parietal structures relative to bvFTD(Pick's) patients. Despite a remarkable overlap between the two patient types, bvFTD patients with underlying CBD pathology show subtle clinical features that may distinguish them from patients with Pick's disease neuropathology.

1 Follower
 · 
386 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Imaging, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood-based biomarkers have the potential to improve the accuracy by which specific causes of dementia can be diagnosed in vivo, provide insights into the underlying pathophysiology, and may be used as inclusion criteria and outcome measures for clinical trials. While a number of imaging and CSF biomarkers are currently used for each of these purposes, this is an evolving field, with numerous potential biomarkers in varying stages of research and development. We review the currently available biomarkers for the three most common forms of neurodegenerative dementia, and give an overview of research techniques that may in due course make their way into the clinic.
    Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 09/2014; 85(12). DOI:10.1136/jnnp-2014-307662 · 5.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Clinical presentations of pathologically confirmed corticobasal degeneration (CBD) vary, and the heterogeneity makes its clinical diagnosis difficult, especially when a patient lacks any motor disturbance in the early stage.Methods We compared clinical and pathological features of four pathologically confirmed CBD cases that initially developed non-motor symptoms, including behavioural and psychiatric symptoms but without motor disturbance (CBD-NM), and five CBD cases that initially developed parkinsonism and/or falls (CBD-M). The age range at death for the CBD-NM and CBD-M subjects (58–85 years vs 45–67 years) and the range of disease duration (2–18 years vs 2–6 years) did not significantly differ between the groups.ResultsProminent symptoms in the early stage of CBD-NM cases included self-centred behaviours such as frontotemporal dementia (n = 1), apathy with and without auditory hallucination (n = 2), and aggressive behaviours with delusion and visual hallucination (n = 1). Among the four CBD-NM cases, only one developed asymmetric motor disturbance, and two could walk without support throughout the course. Final clinical diagnoses of the CBD-NM cases were frontotemporal dementia (n = 2), senile psychosis with delirium (n = 1), and schizophrenia (n = 1). Neuronal loss was significantly less severe in the subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra in the CBD-NM cases than in the CBD-M cases. The severity of tau pathology in all regions examined was comparable in the two groups.ConclusionCBD cases that initially develop psychiatric and behavioural changes without motor symptoms may have less severe degenerative changes in the subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra, and some CBD cases can lack motor disturbance not only in the early stage but also in the last stage of the course.
    Psychogeriatrics 09/2014; 14(3). DOI:10.1111/psyg.12054 · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Frontotemporal dementia was documented over a century ago. The last decade, however, has seen substantial changes in our conceptions of this increasingly recognized disorder. Different clinical variants have been delineated, the most common of which is the behavioral variant (bvFTD). Updated diagnostic criteria have been established. New histopathological findings and genetic etiologies have been discovered. Research continues to uncover molecular mechanisms by which abnormal proteins accumulate in degenerating brain tissue. Novel neuroimaging techniques suggest that functional networks are diminished in bvFTD that might be relevant to empathy and social behavior. Despite rapid advances in our understanding of bvFTD, the disease is still under-recognized and commonly misdiagnosed. The result is inappropriate patient care. Recognizing the various presentations of bvFTD and its histological and genetic subtypes might further diagnosis, treatment, and research.
    Biological psychiatry 11/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.11.006 · 9.47 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
5 Downloads
Available from

Suzee E Lee