Evaluation of 1-stage and 2-stage selection in yellow perch I: Genetic and phenotypic parameters for body weight of F1 fish reared in ponds using microsatellite parentage assignment
ABSTRACT Two selection methods, 1-stage selection (OSS) and 2-stage selection (TSS), for improving efficiency and profitability of selective breeding of yellow perch were evaluated, through examining the genetic and phenotypic parameters for BW of F(1) fish using microsatellite parentage assignment in this study. Approximately 94% of the sampled yellow perch progeny were assigned to single parental pairs using 8 microsatellite markers, which confirmed the applicability of the communal rearing technique in yellow perch breeding. Within OSS, the genetic correlation between 1-yr-BW and 2-yr-BW was high (0.98), indicating that the growth of yellow perch recorded at yr 1 could predict their growth for yr 2. Also mean family BW and family EBV for BW between yr 1 and 2 were found to be significantly correlated, suggesting yr 1 fast-growing yellow perch families continued to be the fast growing families in yr 2. Two-year random fish undergoing TSS were significantly heavier (P < 0.01) than those undergoing OSS. In addition, top males and females with TSS were heavier (P < 0.01) than those with OSS. Based on these results we concluded that the TSS was more desirable and effective for yellow perch breeding compared with OSS in terms of improving selection efficiency and reducing costs.
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ABSTRACT: Blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) is an herbivorous freshwater fish species native to China and has been recognized as a main aquaculture species in the Chinese freshwater polyculture system with high economic value. The genetic parameter estimates for important economic traits are needed for its selective breeding. The aim of this study was to estimate the heritabilities for its growth-related traits and explore the genetic and phenotypic correlations among the traits using microsatellite-based pedigree approach. Offspring from a mass-spawning of 92 broodstocks (42 sires and 50 dams) were reared in a communal pond and nine microsatellites were used to identify the parents of each sampled offspring. Of 749 offspring randomly selected, 708 (94.53%) could be assigned directly to a single parental pair, which was used for heritability estimates. Data were analysed using the method of restricted maximum likelihood (REML) using animal model and the results showed that the heritabilities of body weight, body length, total length and body height were 0.65, 0.53, 0.53 and 0.50, respectively. High genetic correlations were found among these four traits. According to these results, selection for growth seems to be feasible in M. amblycephala and the other growth traits will be heightened accordingly with the selection based on body length.Aquaculture Research 02/2013; 45(11). DOI:10.1111/are.12133 · 1.32 Impact Factor