Coiled Versus Straight Peritoneal Dialysis Catheters: A Randomized Controlled Trial and Meta-analysis
ABSTRACT Variations in peritoneal dialysis catheter design include differences in numbers of cuffs, shapes of subcutaneous paths (swan neck vs Tenckhoff), and shapes of intra-abdominal segments (straight vs coiled). The relative benefits of these designs have not been studied adequately. The objective of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes of coiled- versus straight-end swan neck peritoneal dialysis catheters.
Prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT); results were meta-analyzed with other RCTs of coiled versus straight catheters.
80 consecutive continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients were enrolled in the RCT. The meta-analysis considers data for 242 patients with coiled and 251 patients with straight catheters.
Patients were randomly assigned to a coiled-end swan neck catheter (n = 40) or a straight-end swan neck catheter (n = 40) group.
Catheter tip migration with dysfunction (primary outcome) and catheter failure, catheter-related infection, technique failure, and all-cause mortality (secondary outcomes).
The primary outcome occurred in 18 patients in the coiled group and 9 in the straight group. This difference was not statistically significant (HR, 1.96; 95% CI, 0.88-4.37; P = 0.09). Although rates of early (<8 weeks) catheter tip migration were similar between the 2 groups, we detected a significant association of the coiled design with increased risk of late (>8 weeks) catheter tip migration (HR, 6.43; 95% CI, 1.45-28.6; P = 0.005). The increased risk of overall catheter failure in the coiled group was not statistically significant (P = 0.06). In the meta-analysis, coiled catheters were associated significantly with increased risk of catheter tip migration (based on 4 trials: RR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.30-3.33; P = 0.002).
Single-center open-label experimental study powered to detect differences in only the most common complication of catheter tip migration with dysfunction. Our RCT examines only swan neck catheters, whereas the meta-analysis considers both swan neck and Tenckhoff designs.
Although we were unable to show statistically significant differences in the primary outcome in our RCT, pooled meta-analysis results suggest that coiled catheters may be more prone to migration and resultant dysfunction.
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ABSTRACT: This review is focused on minimizing complications and avoiding harm in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Issues related to planning for PD are covered first, with emphasis on PD versus hemodialysis outcomes. Catheter types and insertion techniques are described next, including relevant recommendations by the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis. A brief review of both noninfectious and infectious complications follows, with emphasis on cardiovascular and metabolic complications. Finally, recommendations for preventing PD-related infections are provided. In conclusion, with proper catheter insertion technique, good training, and attention to detail during the tenure in PD, excellent outcomes can be obtained in a well-informed motivated patient.Advances in chronic kidney disease 05/2012; 19(3):171-8. DOI:10.1053/j.ackd.2012.04.002 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a new, modified open surgery technique on catheter-related malfunction. METHODS: During the period from January 1997 to June 2009, 216 patients received initial peritoneal catheters. For the present study, patients were divided into four groups according to the catheter types and the surgery techniques: • TO-S: traditional open surgery, straight Tenckhoff catheter • TO-C: traditional open surgery, coiled Tenckhoff catheter • TO-SN: traditional open surgery, swan-neck catheter • MO-S: modified open surgery, straight Tenckhoff catheter The modified surgery was characterized by a low incision site, a short intra-abdominal catheter segment and an additional upward straight subcutaneous tunnel. All patients were followed up for 2 years or until death. Survival rates, complications caused by catheter placement, and the probability of malfunction-free catheter survival were compared between the groups. RESULTS: Catheter malfunction was the most frequent mechanical complication, found in 31 patients (14.4%), who experienced 38 malfunctions. Only 2 episodes of catheter malfunction were found in the MO-S group, representing a rate significantly less than those in the TO-S and TO-C groups (both p < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier curves for malfunction-free PD catheter survival showed a significantly different malfunction-free probability for the various groups (p = 0.009). After 2 years of follow-up, 136 patients (63.0%) survived with their initial PD catheter. The initial catheter survival rate was 76.8% in the MO-S group. Kaplan-Meier curves for initial catheter survival showed that the highest survival rate was found in the MO-S group (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The modified open surgery technique is a reliable method for catheter placement.06/2013; 34(4). DOI:10.3747/pdi.2011.000298
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ABSTRACT: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an effective treatment for end-stage renal disease. There are several configurations of PD catheter design that may impact catheter function, such as the shape of the intraperitoneal segment, the number of cuffs, and the subcutaneous configuration. This review and meta-analysis was carried out to determine whether there is a clinical advantage for one of the catheter types or configurations. Comprehensive searches were conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and CENTRAL (the Cochrane Library 2012, issue 10). The methodology was in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook for Interventional Systematic Reviews and written based on the PRISMA statement. The initial search yielded 682 hits from which 13 randomized controlled trials were identified. Outcomes of interest were as follows: catheter survival, drainage dysfunction, migration, leakage, exit-site infections, peritonitis, and catheter removal. Comparing straight vs. swan neck and single vs. double-cuffed catheters, no differences were found when results were pooled. Comparison of straight vs. coiled-tip catheters demonstrated that survival was significantly different in favor of straight catheters (hazard ratio 2.05; confidence interval 1.10-3.79, P=0.02). For surgically inserted catheters, the removal rate and survival at 1 year after insertion were significantly in favor of straight catheters. Our meta-analysis clearly demonstrates benefits for catheters with a straight intraperitoneal segment.Kidney International advance online publication, 2 October 2013; doi:10.1038/ki.2013.365.Kidney International 10/2013; 85(4). DOI:10.1038/ki.2013.365 · 8.52 Impact Factor