Endocrine surgery.

Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.
American journal of surgery (Impact Factor: 2.41). 09/2011; 202(3):369-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2011.06.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The increasing complexity in the management of surgical disorders of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, and neuroendocrine pancreas tumors have led to the emergence of endocrine surgery as a surgical subspecialty. Studies showing the relationship between hospital/surgeon volume and patient outcomes highlight the importance of advanced postgraduate training in this field.

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    ABSTRACT: The typical method for creating targeted contrast agents requires covalent conjugation of separate targeting and fluorophore domains. In this study, we demonstrate that it is possible to create near-infrared (NIR) fluorophores with different tissue specificities driven by their inherent chemical structures. Thus, a single compact molecule performs both targeting and imaging. We use this strategy to solve a major problem in head and neck surgery: the identification and preservation of parathyroid and thyroid glands. We synthesized 700-nm and 800-nm halogenated fluorophores that show high uptake into these glands after a single intravenous (IV) injection of 0.06 mg kg-1 in a pig. By using a dual-channel NIR imaging system, we observed[mdash]in real time and with high sensitivity[mdash]the unambiguous distinction of parathyroid and thyroid glands simultaneously in the context of blood and surrounding soft tissue. This novel technology lays a foundation for performing head and neck surgery with increased p
    Nature medicine 01/2015; advance online publication. DOI:10.1038/nm.3728 · 28.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons (AAES) initiated a fellowship match in 2007. The profile of applicants who successfully match into an endocrine surgery (ES) fellowship has not previously been characterized. Methods An IRB-approved, web-based, survey was distributed to recent and current ES fellows. Results The survey response rate was 62% (56/90). The overall mean age was 33 years old (SD ± 3), 54% were female and 37% self-identified as non-white. Only 5% entered their surgical training with the aim of specializing in ES. During residency, respondents were exposed to high volumes of index ES cases. Sixty-two percent had dedicated research time. At the time of fellowship application, the median number of publications was 5 (range, 0-25), and 30% of respondents had additional advanced degrees. Conclusion Entering ES fellows have diverse backgrounds, with strong academic credentials. These data help inform the career mentoring of aspiring ES applicants.
    The American Journal of Surgery 10/2014; 208(4). DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.03.013 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: General surgery residency training can lead to a rewarding career in general surgery and serve as the foundation for careers in several surgical subspecialties. It offers broad-based training with exposure to the cognitive and technical aspects of several surgical specialties and prepares graduating residents for a wide range of career paths. This career development resource discusses the training aspects of general surgery.
    American journal of surgery 11/2013; 206(5):719-23. DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.07.010 · 2.41 Impact Factor


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