Transcriptional repression of the tumor suppressor DRO1 by AIB1

Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Centro de Investigación Príncipe Felipe (CIPF), Valencia, Spain.
FEBS letters (Impact Factor: 3.17). 08/2011; 585(19):3041-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2011.08.025
Source: PubMed


Using transcriptomic gene expression profiling we found tumor suppressor DRO1 being repressed in AIB1 transgenic mice. In agreement, AIB1 represses DRO1 promoter and its expression levels inversely correlate with DRO1 in several cancer cell lines and in ectopic and silencing assays. Estrogen modulators treatment showed a regulation in an estrogen receptor-dependent fashion. Importantly, DRO1 overexpression resulted in BCLAF1 upregulation, a compelling concept given that BCLAF1 is a death-promoting transcriptional repressor. Additionally, DRO1 shuttles from Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum upon apoptotic stimuli, where it is predicted to facilitate the apoptosis cascade. Finally, DRO1 repression is an important factor for AIB1-mediated inhibition of apoptosis. Collectively, our results reveal DRO1 as an AIB1-targeted tumor suppressor, providing a novel mechanism for AIB1-dependent inhibition of apoptosis.

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    • "However, further defects occur during axon pathfinding. It has been recently reported that DRO1/CCDC80 is a Golgi-associated-protein [56]. Moreover, the in silico prediction of the Ccdc80 protein structure (String 9.0) suggests its interaction with fibronectin, a component of the ECM. "
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    Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition) 01/2012; 4(7):2536-45.
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    ABSTRACT: Amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1) is a member of the p160 steroid receptor coactivator family that mediates the transcriptional activities of nuclear receptors including estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR), as well as certain other transcription factors, including E2F1 and p53. AIB1 is widely implicated in nuclear receptor-mediated diseases, particularly malignant diseases, including breast, prostate, gastric and pancreatic cancers. AIB1 was initially implicated in hormone-dependent breast cancer, where increasing levels of AIB1 mRNA and protein were detected in some of these specimens and the overexpression of AIB1 in mice led to an increased incidence of tumors. More recent studies revealed that AIB1 also affects the growth of hormone-independent breast cancer via signaling pathways such as those of E2F1, IGF-I, EGF and PI3K/Akt/mTOR. The pleiotropic effect of AIB1 and the roles it plays in both normal development and cancer have presented a great challenge to formulating an effective therapeutic strategy for breast cancer. In this review, we highlight the significant progress made with the recent findings and present an overview of the current understanding of the influence of AIB1 on breast cancer via hormone-dependent and -independent signaling pathways.
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