State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for the Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Medicinal Resources, School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering of Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, PR China.
A series of dual binding site acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors have been designed, synthesized, and tested for their ability to inhibit AChE, butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), AChE-induced and self-induced β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregation. The new hybrids consist of a unit of 1-azabenzanthrone and a tacrine or its congener, connected through an oligomethylene linker containing an amine group at variable position. These hybrids exhibit high AChE inhibitory activity with IC(50) values in the nanomolar range in most cases. Moreover, five out of the 12 hybrids of this series, particularly those bearing a tetrahydroacridine moiety, exhibit a significant in vitro inhibitory activity toward the AChE-induced and self-induced Aβ aggregation, which makes them promising anti-Alzheimer drug candidates.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The title compound, C(18)H(14)N(2)O(2), is a new oxoisoaporphine derivative synthesized by alkyl-ation of 6-chloro-1-aza-benzanthrone. The oxoisoaporphine fragment deviates significantly from planarity with a dihedral angle of 5.1 (1)° between the heterocycle and the remote benzene ring. The amino and oxo groups are involved in an intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond, while the hy-droxy groups form inter-molecular O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, which link pairs of mol-ecules into inversion dimers. In the dimer, two approximately parallel oxoisoaporphine fragments exhibit π-π inter-actions between the aromatic rings, the shortest centroid-centroid distance being 3.649 (3) Å.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: New tacrine derivatives 5a-d, 6a-d with piperazino-ethyl spacer linked with corresponding secondary amines and tacrine homodimer 8 were synthesized and tested as cholinesterase inhibitors on human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) and human plasmatic butyrylcholinesterase (hBChE). In most cases the majority of synthesized derivatives exhibit a high AChE and BChE inhibitory activity with IC(50) values in the low-nanomolar range, being clearly more potent than the reference standard tacrine (9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine, 1) and 7-MEOTA (7-methoxy-9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine). Among them, inhibitors 8 and 5c, showed a strong inhibitory activity against hAChE, with an IC(50) value of 4.49 nM and 4.97, nM resp., and a high selectivity to hAChE. The compound 5d acted as the most potent inhibitor against hBChE with an IC(50) value of 33.7 nM and exhibited also a good selectivity towards hBChE. The dissociation constants K(i) of the selected inhibitors were compared with their IC(50) values. Molecular modeling studies were performed to predict the binding modes between individual derivatives and hAChE/hBChE.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 07/2012; 55(4):23-31. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2012.06.051 · 3.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cluster effect is an effective strategy to explore new lead compounds, and has been successfully applied in rational drug design and screening. A series of novel organophosphorous-homodimers were designed and synthesized based on the dual-site structure characteristics of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). The compounds were evaluated in vitro for their inhibitory activity to AChE extracted from Drosophila melanogaster and Musca domestic. Compound 4H showed an excellent inhibitor activity to both Drosophila melanogaster and Musca domestic with the corresponding IC(50) values of 23 and 168nM, respectively. Meanwhile, its activities against Drosophila melanogaster and Musca domestic AChE were more than 10,00,000 and 100,000-fold higher compared with the parent compound (MH), and was up to 245 and 107-fold higher than those of the positive control omethoate. The molecular docking study revealed that 4H possessed an optimal spacer length and can perfectly fit into the central pocket, active gorge, and peripheral site of DmAChE, and consequently exhibited highly improved inhibitor potency to DmAChE. The bioassay tests showed that 4 series compounds showed prominent insecticidal activities against both Lipaphser erysimi and Tetranychus cinnbarinus at a concentration of 200mg/L. The insecticide activity of compound 4H was particularly significant that can cause 96% mortality to Tetranychus cinnbarinus after 24h of treatment.
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