Crystal structure of the armadillo repeat domain of adenomatous polyposis coli which reveals its inherent flexibility.
ABSTRACT The conserved armadillo repeat (ARM) domain of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein plays an important role in the recognition of its binding partners. In this study, we report the crystal structure of APC-ARM (residues 407-775), which was determined to 2.9 Å resolution. Our structure shows that the seven armadillo repeats of APC-ARM fold together into a compact domain, with Arm2 and Arm5 presenting some deviations from canonical armadillo repeats. There is a positively charged groove on the surface of APC-ARM, which might be the recognition site for APC-binding partners. Comparison of this structure with our previously reported structure of APC (407-751), together with normal mode analysis, reveals that the APC-ARM domain possesses a limited intrinsic flexibility. We propose that this intrinsic flexibility might be an inherent property of ARM domains in general.
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ABSTRACT: Mutations in the central region of the signalling hub Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) cause colorectal tumourigenesis. The structure of this region remained unknown. Here, we characterise the Mutation Cluster Region in APC (APC-MCR) as intrinsically disordered and propose a model how this structural feature may contribute to regulation of Wnt signalling by phosphorylation. APC-MCR was susceptible to proteolysis, lacked α-helical secondary structure and did not display thermal unfolding transition. It displayed an extended conformation in size exclusion chromatography and was accessible for phosphorylation by CK1ε in vitro. The length of disordered regions in APC increases with species complexity, from C. elegans to H. sapiens. We speculate that the large disordered region harbouring phosphorylation sites could be a successful strategy to stabilise tight regulation of Wnt signalling against single missense mutations.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(10):e77257. · 3.73 Impact Factor