Histologic Recurrence of Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Nephropathy After Renal Transplantation on Routine Allograft Biopsy
ABSTRACT Henoch-Schonlein Purpura nephropathy (HSPN) recurrence in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) has been reported in 35% of patients, leading in 11% of these patients to graft loss at 5 years. However, its true incidence is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate this recurrence incidence using routine allograft biopsies (RBs).
All RTRs with biopsy-proven HSP initial nephropathy were included (13 RTRs and 18 renal transplantations). At transplantation, the median age was 34 years, and 85% of RTRs were men. Overall, we analyzed 66 RBs that were routinely performed at 3 and 12 months after RT and when clinically indicated. Histologic recurrence was defined as the presence of IgA deposits within the mesangium and along the glomerular capillary walls.
After a median follow-up of 83 months (range, 13-232 months; interquartile range, 26-235 months), histologic recurrence was detected in 69% of patients and in 61% of grafts after a mean period of 24 months (range, 1-156 months). Clinical or biological signs were absent in all but one. Patient survival was 92.8%. Graft loss occurred in five cases, never were related to recurrence. At the last follow-up, the mean glomerular filtration rate was 48±14.2 mL/min/1.73 m(2); in patients with and without recurrence, the mean rates were 52.1±17.5 and 42.4±5.3 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively (P=0.27).
Histologic recurrence of HSPN after RT is frequently observed on routine RBs but is not associated with clinical consequences. The short-term prognosis of recurrence is good, but its long-term prognosis remains to be determined.
- Transplantation 08/2011; 92(8):845. DOI:10.1097/TP.0b013e31822e0c20
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ABSTRACT: Glomerulonephritis is the primary cause of end-stage renal failure in 30-50% of kidney transplant recipients and recurrence of the initial disease is an important determinant of long-term graft outcome after transplantation. Although renal transplantation remains the best treatment option for patients with end stage renal diseases in most cases, diagnosis and management of recurrences of glomerulopathies are critical for the optimization and improvement of long-term kidney transplant graft survival and provide a unique opportunity to explore the pathogenesis of native kidney disease. This review aims to update knowledge for a large panel of recurrent primary and secondary glomerulonephritis after kidney transplantation, excluding diabetic nephropathy including primary focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis, membranous nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, lupus, vasculitis but also less usual secondary nephropathy related to sarcoidosis, AA and AL amyloidosis, monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease, and fibrillary glomerulonephritis.Transplant International 04/2012; 25(8):812-24. DOI:10.1111/j.1432-2277.2012.01483.x
- Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 11/2012; 32(6):850-852. DOI:10.3265/Nefrologia.pre2012.Jun.11468