Pachastrissamine (jaspine B) and its stereoisomers inhibit sphingosine kinases and atypical protein kinase C
ABSTRACT Sphingosine kinases (SphKs) are oncogenic enzymes that regulate the critical balance between ceramide and sphingosine-1-phosphate. Much effort has been dedicated to develop inhibitors against these enzymes. Naturally occurring pachastrissamine (jaspine B) and all its stereoisomers were prepared and evaluated for their inhibitory effects against SphKs. All eight stereoisomers exhibited moderate to potent inhibitory activity against SphK1 and SphK2. Inhibitory effects were profiled against protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms by in vitro experiments. Atypical PKCs (PKCζ and PKCι) were inhibited by several pachastrissamine stereoisomers. The improved activity over N,N-dimethylsphingosine suggests that the cyclic scaffold in pachastrissamines facilitates potential favorable interactions with SphKs and PKCs.
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ABSTRACT: Two series of more available novel 1,2,3-triazole-Jaspine B hybrids were efficiently synthesized employing click chemistry approach and evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against three human cancer cell lines (EC-9706, MGC-803 and MCF-7). Among them, compound 14h showed excellent inhibition against MCF-7 (IC50 = 1.93 μM) and was more potent than 5-Fu and Jaspine B against all three cancer cell lines. Further investigation of apoptosis assay and cell cycle analysis demonstrated that compound 14h caused cellular early and late apoptosis and arrested the cell cycle at G2/M phase in a concentration- and time-independent manner. This was the first report about the synthesis and in vitro cytotoxic evaluation of 1,2,3-triazole-Jaspine B hybrids.European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 03/2014; 80C:593-604. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.03.022 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A series of carbocyclic analogues of naturally-occurring marine sphingolipid pachastrissamine were prepared and biologically evaluated. The analogues were efficiently synthesized via a tandem enyne/diene-ene metathesis reaction as a key step. We found that the analogue 4b exhibited comparable cytotoxicity and more potent inhibitory activity against sphingosine kinases, compared to pachastrissamine. Molecular modeling studies were conducted to provide more detailed insight into the binding mode of 4b in sphingosine kinase. In our docking model, pachastrissamine and 4b were able to effectively bind to the binding pocket of sphingosine kinase 1 as co-crystalized sphingosine. However, 4b showed a hydrophobic interaction with Phe192, which suggests that it contributes to its increased inhibitory activity against sphingosine kinase 1.Marine Drugs 02/2015; 13(2):824-37. DOI:10.3390/md13020824 · 3.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A new synthesis of cytotoxic anhydrophytosphingosine 3-epi-jaspine B (34.7% overall yield; 97% ee) and (+)-oxybiotin (21.2% overall yield; 97% ee) bioactive oxygen analogue of biotin; is described starting from commercially available cis-2-butene-1,4-diol. The key reactions employed in the synthesis include Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation and a novel tandem desilylation-oxa Michael addition reaction strategy to construct tetrahydrofuran core (dr >99%).RSC Advances 09/2014; 4(91). DOI:10.1039/C4RA08698H · 3.71 Impact Factor