Anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of bortezomib in various in vivo models.
ABSTRACT Bortezomib (Velcade®) is a proteasome inhibitor that has been approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma. It has been shown to inhibit the expression of cell adhesion molecules, co-stimulatory molecules, and NFκB activation, to deplete alloreactive T lymphocytes, and to decrease Th1 cytokine production. The anti-inflammatory effects of bortezomib were further investigated in this current set of studies. Systemic treatment with bortezomib was efficacious in the thioglycolate-induced MCP-1 production model, and the dinitrofluorobenzene-induced delayed-type hypersensitivity model. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that affects about 2% of the world population. Many treatments have been reported with varying degrees of efficacy. A topical bortezomib formulation was developed to minimize systemic exposure. Its tolerability was investigated in a topical imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis model. Daily application of IMQ on mouse skin induced inflamed scaly skin lesions resembling plaque-type psoriasis. Fatality was observed in the 1-mg/ml dose group. At 0.1 and 0.01 mg/ml, bortezomib potentiated IMQ-induced erythema, scaling, skin thickening, and caused necrotic lesions. Lower doses had no effect on the clinical observations. Histologically, bortezomib dose-dependently increased parakeratosis, hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, and inflammatory cell infiltration. This study demonstrated that topical bortezomib is not suitable for the treatment of psoriasis.
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ABSTRACT: Several experimental and epidemiological evidence indicate that, irrespective of the trigger for the development (chronic infection/inflammation or genetic alteration), a "smouldering" inflammation is associated with the most of, if not all, tumours and supports their progression. Several evidence have highlighted that tumours promote a constant influx of myelomonocytic cells that express inflammatory mediators supporting pro-tumoral functions. Myelomonocytic cells are key orchestrators of cancer-related inflammation associated with proliferation and survival of malignant cells, subversion of adaptive immune response, angiogenesis, stroma remodelling and metastasis formation. Although the connection between inflammation and cancer is unequivocal the mechanistic basis of such association are largely unknown. Recent advances in the understanding of the cellular and molecular pathways involved in cancer-related inflammation as well as their potential relevance as diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic targets are herein discussed.Immunobiology 08/2009; 214(9-10):761-77. · 2.81 Impact Factor
- New England Journal of Medicine 03/1998; 338(7):436-45. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A novel basic heparin-binding monocyte chemotactic factor (MCF) was purified to homogeneity from the conditioned media of human myelomonocytic cell line THP-1 based on its in vitro monocyte chemotactic activity. The purified MCF was homogenous and estimated to be 15 kD on SDS-PAGE. Purified MCF stimulated normal human monocytes to be growth inhibitory in vitro at 2-3 d for several human tumor cell lines. This represents the first report of the identification and purification of a chemoattractant cytokine that also activates monocytes but is distinct from interferons and other known cytokines.Journal of Experimental Medicine 05/1989; 169(4):1485-90. · 13.21 Impact Factor