Imaging of Prostate Cancer with Immuno-PET and Immuno-SPECT Using a Radiolabeled Anti-EGP-1 Monoclonal Antibody
ABSTRACT hRS7 is a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody directed against the epithelial glycoprotein-1 (EGP-1; also known as TROP2). This antigen is found in many epithelial cancers, including prostate cancer, and therefore this antibody could be suitable for targeting this cancer. In this study, the characteristics of hRS7 for targeting prostate cancer were examined. The potential for immuno-PET with (89)Zr-hRS7 and immuno-SPECT with (111)In-hRS7 was assessed using nude mice with human prostate cancer xenografts.
EGP-1 expression was assessed by immunohistology in human primary and metastatic prostate cancer samples and in PC3 xenografts. The optimal antibody protein dose for prostate cancer targeting was examined in nude mice with subcutaneous PC3 xenografts, and then the biodistribution of (111)In-, (125)I-, and (89)Zr-labeled hRS7 was determined in subcutaneous PC3 xenografts at 1, 3, and 7 d after injection. Immuno-PET and immuno-SPECT were performed with (89)Zr-hRS7 and (111)In-hRS7 in mice with subcutaneous and intraprostatic PC3 xenografts, respectively.
Immunohistochemical analysis showed abundant EGP-1 expression in human primary and metastatic prostate cancers and in PC3 xenografts. (111)In-hRS7 and (89)Zr-hRS7 preferentially and specifically accumulated in PC3 xenografts, with tumor uptake as high as 60% injected dose per gram at a protein dose of 0.1 μg per mouse. PC3 tumors in nude mice were clearly visualized with both tracers with immuno-PET and immuno-SPECT.
hRS7 shows excellent in vivo tumor targeting in human prostate cancer xenografts. Therefore, hRS7 is a potential vehicle for targeting prostate cancer.
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ABSTRACT: RS7 is an internalizing anti-Trop-2 pancarcinoma antibody capable of targeting most epithelial cancers. Because pretargeting strategies could improve the tumor localization of radionuclides, a new anti-Trop-2 × antihapten bispecific antibody for pretargeting, based on humanized RS7, was prepared and evaluated with a radiolabeled hapten-peptide in vitro and in vivo to determine whether its internalization properties would interfere with pretargeting. The anti-Trop-2 × antihapten bispecific antibody, TF12, was prepared using the modular dock-and-lock method. TF12 and humanized RS7 binding was assessed by cell binding assays and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis in a variety of human carcinoma cell lines. The internalization of TF12 was evaluated in vitro using a fluorescent TF12 conjugate or hapten-peptide and (111)In-labeled TF12 and RS7. The biodistribution of TF12 and its use as a pretargeting agent with an (111)In-labeled hapten-peptide were assessed in several human epithelial cancer xenografts. Dose optimization was examined in 2 tumor models. TF12 internalizes, but a substantial fraction remained accessible on the tumor surface. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis showed only a minor change in fluorescent signal when the tumor was probed with a fluorescent hapten-peptide over 4 h, and microscopy showed substantial membrane staining when reassessed at 24 h after TF12 exposure. Only 40.1% of (111)In-TF12 was internalized after 24 h. In vivo, excellent tumor localization of the (111)In-labeled peptide was observed in several tumor models. TF12 was retained sufficiently on the cell surface in several epithelial cancers, thereby making it suitable for pretargeted imaging and therapy of various Trop-2-expressing carcinomas.Journal of Nuclear Medicine 09/2012; 53(10):1625-32. DOI:10.2967/jnumed.112.104364
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ABSTRACT: Identification of cancer cell-surface biomarkers and advances in antibody engineering have led to a sharp increase in the development of therapeutic antibodies. These same advances have led to a new generation of radiolabeled antibodies and antibody fragments that can be used as cancer-specific imaging agents, allowing quantitative imaging of cell-surface protein expression in vivo. Immuno-positron emission tomography (immunoPET) imaging with intact antibodies has shown success clinically in diagnosing and staging cancer. Engineered antibody fragments, such as diabodies, minibodies, and single-chain Fv (scFv) -Fc, have been successfully employed for immunoPET imaging of cancer cell-surface biomarkers in preclinical models and are poised to bring same-day imaging into clinical development. ImmunoPET can potentially provide a noninvasive approach for obtaining target-specific information useful for titrating doses for radioimmunotherapy, for patient risk stratification and selection of targeted therapies, for evaluating response to therapy, and for predicting adverse effects, thus contributing to the ongoing development of personalized cancer treatment.Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2012; 30(31). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2012.42.4887
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ABSTRACT: Single crystal X-ray diffraction shows that Zr(iv) forms an octa-coordinated complex with 4 bidentate hydroxamates whose solution structures were investigated by utilizing density functional theory at the level of B3LYP/DGDZVP. Stability constants obtained by potentiometry were in accordance with the tendency observed when radiolabeling with (89)Zr.Chemical Communications 12/2012; 49(10). DOI:10.1039/c2cc37549d