Structural and enzymatic characterization of the streptococcal ATP/diadenosine polyphosphate and phosphodiester hydrolase Spr1479/SapH.
ABSTRACT Spr1479 from Streptococcus pneumoniae R6 is a 33-kDa hypothetical protein of unknown function. Here, we determined the crystal structures of its apo-form at 1.90 Å and complex forms with inorganic phosphate and AMP at 2.30 and 2.20 Å, respectively. The core structure of Spr1479 adopts a four-layer αββα-sandwich fold, with Fe(3+) and Mn(2+) coordinated at the binuclear center of the active site (similar to metallophosphoesterases). Enzymatic assays showed that, in addition to phosphodiesterase activity for bis(p-nitrophenyl) phosphate, Spr1479 has hydrolase activity for diadenosine polyphosphate (Ap(n)A) and ATP. Residues that coordinate with the two metals are indispensable for both activities. By contrast, the streptococcus-specific residue Trp-67, which binds to phosphate in the two complex structures, is indispensable for the ATP/Ap(n)A hydrolase activity only. Moreover, the AMP-binding pocket is conserved exclusively in all streptococci. Therefore, we named the protein SapH for streptococcal ATP/Ap(n)A and phosphodiester hydrolase.
Article: Use of a Whole Genome Approach To Identify Vaccine Molecules Affording Protection against Streptococcus pneumoniae Infection[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Microbial targets for protective humoral immunity are typically surface-localized proteins and contain common sequence motifs related to their secretion or surface binding. Exploiting the whole genome sequence of the human bacterial pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae, we identified 130 open reading frames encoding proteins with secretion motifs or similarity to predicted virulence factors. Mice were immunized with 108 of these proteins, and 6 conferred protection against disseminated S. pneumoniae infection. Flow cytometry confirmed the surface localization of several of these targets. Each of the six protective antigens showed broad strain distribution and immunogenicity during human infection. Our results validate the use of a genomic approach for the identification of novel microbial targets that elicit a protective immune response. These new antigens may play a role in the development of improved vaccines against S. pneumoniae.Infection and Immunity 04/2001; · 4.16 Impact Factor
Article: Structural and biochemical characterization of a novel Mn2+-dependent phosphodiesterase encoded by the yfcE gene.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli YfcE belongs to a conserved protein family within the calcineurin-like phosphoesterase superfamily (Pfam00149) that is widely distributed in bacteria and archaea. Superfamily members are metallophosphatases that include monoesterases and diesterases involved in a variety of cellular functions. YfcE exhibited catalytic activity against bis-p-nitrophenyl phosphate, a general substrate for phosphodiesterases, and had an absolute requirement for Mn2+. However, no activity was observed with phosphodiesters and over 50 naturally occurring phosphomonoesters. The crystal structure of the YfcE phosphodiesterase has been determined to 2.25 A resolution. YfcE has a beta-sandwich architecture similar to metallophosphatases of common ancestral origin. Unlike its more complex homologs that have added structural elements for regulation and substrate recognition, the relatively small 184-amino-acid protein has retained its ancestral simplicity. The tetrameric protein carries two zinc ions per active site from the E. coli extract that reflect the conserved di-Mn2+ active site geometry. A cocrystallized sulfate inhibitor mimics the binding of phosphate moeities in known ligand/phosphatase complexes. Thus, YfcE has a similar active site and biochemical mechanism as well-characterized superfamily members, while the YfcE phosphodiester-containing substrate is unique.Protein Science 08/2007; 16(7):1338-48. · 2.80 Impact Factor