Autoreactive CD1b-restricted T cells: a new innate-like T-cell population that contributes to immunity against infection.
ABSTRACT Group 1 CD1 (CD1a, -b, and -c) presents self and foreign lipid antigens to multiple T-cell subsets in humans. However, in the absence of a suitable animal model, the specific functions and developmental requirements of these T cells remain unknown. To study group 1 CD1-restricted T cells in vivo, we generated double transgenic mice (HJ1Tg/hCD1Tg) that express group 1 CD1 molecules in a similar pattern to that observed in humans (hCD1Tg) as well as a TCR derived from a CD1b-autoreactive T-cell line (HJ1Tg). Using this model, we found that similar to CD1d-restricted NKT cells, HJ1 T cells exhibit an activated phenotype (CD44(hi)CD69(+)CD122(+)) and a subset of HJ1 T cells expresses NK1.1 and is selected by CD1b-expressing hematopoietic cells. HJ1 T cells secrete proinflammatory cytokines in response to stimulation with CD1b-expressing dendritic cells derived from humans as well as hCD1Tg mice, suggesting that they recognize species conserved self-lipid antigen(s). Importantly, this basal autoreactivity is enhanced by TLR-mediated signaling and HJ1 T cells can be activated and confer protection against Listeria infection. Taken together, our data indicate that CD1b-autoreactive T cells, unlike mycobacterial lipid antigen-specific T cells, are innate-like T cells that may contribute to early anti-microbial host defense.
Article: The alphabeta T cell response to self-glycolipids shows a novel mechanism of CD1b loading and a requirement for complex oligosaccharides.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The structural basis for the T cell recognition of lipoglycans remains to be elucidated. We have described autoreactive T cells responsive to GM1 ganglioside presented by CD1b. We show that glycosphingolipids bind to CD1b on the cell surface at neutral pH and are recognized without internalization or processing. Furthermore, soluble GM-CD1b complexes stimulate specific T cells. Oligosaccharide groups containing five or more sugars are required to build a minimal epitope for TCR recognition. This suggests a mechanism for T cell recognition of glycosphingolipids in which much of the CD1b-bound ligand is exposed. Binding to CD1b is a highly reversible process and other ceramide-containing glycosphingolipids displace GM1. These nonantigenic compounds act as blockers and may prevent harmful autoreactivity in vivo.Immunity 09/2000; 13(2):255-64. · 21.64 Impact Factor