The effect of nicotine on the recovery of rats receiving anesthesia

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
Neurosciences (Impact Factor: 0.71). 10/2007; 12(4):322-6.
Source: PubMed


To determine the effect of intraperitoneal (ip) nicotine on the recovery of rats receiving general anesthesia compared with placebo.
The placebo controlled experimental study was conducted in the Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Turkey, between April and May 2005. Twenty-one male and 21 female rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. Group C (n=14), comprising a female group CF (n=7), and male group CM (n=7) received ip 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl), group P (n=14), comprising a female group PF (n=7), and male group PM (n=7) received ip propofol 150 mg/kg, and group NP (n=14), comprising a female group NPF (n=7), and male group NPM (n=7) received 0.4 mg/kg ip nicotine followed by 150 mg/kg propofol after 15 minutes. For the evaluation of recovery period, tail pinch test was used, and for cognitive performance, the radial arm maze test was used.
The number of entrances and exits decreased in group P significantly compared to group C (p<0.05), and the decrease in group PF was higher than it was in group PM. Entrance and exit in group NP increased significantly compared to group P (p<0.05). The increase in entrance and exit in group NPF was much higher compared to group NPM. The recovery period in group NP was significantly shorter than in group P (p<0.05).
The ip administration of nicotine in rats shortens the recovery from propofol anesthesia and improves cognitive performance.

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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder in elderly people. Patients with AD appear to be particularly at risk for cognitive deterioration following anesthesia. Some in vitro studies suggest that exposure to general anesthesia (GA) promotes the AD process. On the other hand, there are no clinical studies that clearly demonstrate that GA is a cause of cognitive dysfunction in patients with probable AD. The aim of this research was to discuss the relation between postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and AD according to the literature. In vivo studies examining AD biomarkers postoperatively and in vitro studies exploring amyloid-β (Aβ) converge to indicate that anesthetics could affect AD pathogenesis, either directly or indirectly. Careful evaluation of the mental state should be mandatory for all elderly patients undergoing GA. Long-term prospective, randomized clinical studies are required to examine the relationship between POCD and AD.
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