Enhancer-promoter communication and transcriptional regulation of Igh.
ABSTRACT Transcriptional regulation of eukaryotic protein-coding genes requires the participation of site-specific transcription factors that bind distal regulatory elements, as well as factors that, together with RNA polymerase II, form the basal transcription machinery at the core promoter. Gene regulation requires proper communication between promoters and enhancers, often over great distances. Therefore, it is important to understand the potentially inter-related transcription factor interactions at both of these elements. How this is achieved on tissue-specific genes, such as the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) in B cells remains unclear. Here, we review known interactions at the Igh variable region (V(H)) promoters and present our perspective on promoter-enhancer interactions that are likely important for Ig gene regulation in B cells.
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ABSTRACT: Non-B cell immunoglobulins (Igs) are widely expressed in epithelial cancer cells. The past 20 years of research have demonstrated that non-B cell Igs are associated with cancer cell proliferation, the cellular cytoskeleton and cancer stem cells. In this study we explored the transcriptional mechanism of IgM production in non-B cells. The promoter region of a V-segment of the heavy mu chain gene (VH6-1) was cloned from a colon cancer cell line HT-29. Next, the promoter activities in non-B cells and B-cells were detected using the dual-luciferase reporter assay. Then the transcription factor binding to the promoter regions was evaluated by electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs) and gel supershift experiments. Our data showed that the sequence 1200 bp upstream of VH6-1 exhibited promoter activity in both B and non-B cells. No new regulatory elements were identified within the region 1200 bp to 300 bp upstream of VH6-1. In addition, Oct-1 was found to bind to the octamer element of the Ig gene promoter in cancer cells, in contrast to B cells, which utilize the transcriptional factor Oct-2. The regulatory mechanisms among different cell types controlling the production of IgM heavy chains are worth discussing.Cancer Cell International 12/2014; 14(1):114. DOI:10.1186/s12935-014-0114-8 · 1.99 Impact Factor
Frontiers in Immunology 12/2014; 5:631. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2014.00631