VeinViewer-assisted Intravenous catheter placement in a pediatric emergency department.
ABSTRACT Peripheral intravenous catheter (PIV) placement is a common, painful, and frequently difficult procedure in children. The VeinViewer is a device that delineates subcutaneous veins using near-infrared light and video technology. To the best of our knowledge, the benefit of this device for PIV placement in children in the emergency department (ED) has not been studied.
The authors enrolled a prospective, randomized sample of children aged 0 to 17 years who required a nonemergent PIV in a tertiary care pediatric ED. Participants were randomized to standard PIV cannulation (SC) or PIV cannulation with the VeinViewer (VV). The primary outcome measure was time to PIV placement. Secondary outcome measures included number of PIV attempts and pain scores as reported by the child, parent or guardian, and nurse using a 100-mm visual analog scale (VAS).
A total of 323 patients completed the study: 174 boys and 149 girls. Age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) were not different between groups. There were no differences in time to PIV placement, number of PIV attempts, or pain scores for the overall study group. However, a planned subgroup analysis of children age 0 to 2 years (n = 107) did yield significant results for the geometric mean time to place the PIV (121 seconds [VV] vs. 167 seconds [SC], p = 0.047) and for nurses' perception of pain (median VAS 34 [VV] vs. 46 [SC], p = 0.01).
While no results were significant for the overall study group, subgroup analysis of children age 0 to 2 years suggests that the VeinViewer may decrease the time to PIV placement.
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ABSTRACT: Peripheral venous access in infants and children is technically challenging, because their veins are small and located deep in subcutaneous tissue, which makes them difficult to palpate or visualize. The VeinViewer® (Luminetx Corporation, Memphis, TN, USA) is a near-infrared light device that delineates the running course of subcutaneous veins. In this study, we investigated whether the use of the VeinViewer® in infants and children facilitated peripheral venous access, especially in difficult cases. This study was a randomized, controlled trial of a convenience sample of pediatric patients between the ages of 1 month and 16 years who required peripheral venous access in the pediatric ward. Prior to randomization, difficult intravenous access (DIVA) score, a four-variable clinical prediction rule for first-attempt success, was estimated. We compared the first-attempt success rates and procedural times between the VeinViewer® group and a control group. We evaluated 111 patients: 54 in the VeinViewer® group and 57 in the control group. Patient demographics and factors related to the success of vein access were similar for both groups. The overall first-attempt success rate was 69.4%: i.e., 77/111 in the VeinViewer® group and 38/57 in the control group, a difference that was not statistically significant. However, the first-attempt success rate increased from 5/20 in the control group to 14/24 in the VeinViewer® group for difficult veins with a DIVA score greater than 4 (p=0.026). There were no significant differences in procedural time between the two groups. Conclusion: The VeinViewer® facilitated peripheral venous access for pediatric patients with difficult veins, which enhanced first-attempt success rates.European Journal of Pediatrics 03/2012; 171(7):1121-5. · 1.91 Impact Factor