Article

HNF4A is essential for specification of hepatic progenitors from human pluripotent stem cells.

Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.
Development (Impact Factor: 6.27). 08/2011; 138(19):4143-53. DOI: 10.1242/dev.062547
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The availability of pluripotent stem cells offers the possibility of using such cells to model hepatic disease and development. With this in mind, we previously established a protocol that facilitates the differentiation of both human embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells into cells that share many characteristics with hepatocytes. The use of highly defined culture conditions and the avoidance of feeder cells or embryoid bodies allowed synchronous and reproducible differentiation to occur. The differentiation towards a hepatocyte-like fate appeared to recapitulate many of the developmental stages normally associated with the formation of hepatocytes in vivo. In the current study, we addressed the feasibility of using human pluripotent stem cells to probe the molecular mechanisms underlying human hepatocyte differentiation. We demonstrate (1) that human embryonic stem cells express a number of mRNAs that characterize each stage in the differentiation process, (2) that gene expression can be efficiently depleted throughout the differentiation time course using shRNAs expressed from lentiviruses and (3) that the nuclear hormone receptor HNF4A is essential for specification of human hepatic progenitor cells by establishing the expression of the network of transcription factors that controls the onset of hepatocyte cell fate.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
158 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) chronically infects 400 million people worldwide and is a leading driver of end-stage liver disease and liver cancer. Research into the biology and treatment of HBV requires an in vitro cell-culture system that supports the infection of human hepatocytes, and accurately recapitulates virus-host interactions. Here, we report that micropatterned cocultures of primary human hepatocytes with stromal cells (MPCCs) reliably support productive HBV infection, and infection can be enhanced by blocking elements of the hepatocyte innate immune response associated with the induction of IFN-stimulated genes. MPCCs maintain prolonged, productive infection and represent a facile platform for studying virus-host interactions and for developing antiviral interventions. Hepatocytes obtained from different human donors vary dramatically in their permissiveness to HBV infection, suggesting that factors-such as divergence in genetic susceptibility to infection-may influence infection in vitro. To establish a complementary, renewable system on an isogenic background in which candidate genetics can be interrogated, we show that inducible pluripotent stem cells differentiated into hepatocyte-like cells (iHeps) support HBV infection that can also be enhanced by blocking interferon-stimulated gene induction. Notably, the emergence of the capacity to support HBV transcriptional activity and initial permissiveness for infection are marked by distinct stages of iHep differentiation, suggesting that infection of iHeps can be used both to study HBV, and conversely to assess the degree of iHep differentiation. Our work demonstrates the utility of these infectious systems for studying HBV biology and the virus' interactions with host hepatocyte genetics and physiology.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 08/2014; · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are ideal sources of hepatocyte for transplantation into patients experiencing hepatic failure. Growth and transcription factors were analyzed to design a single-step protocol for the differentiation of iPS cells into hepatocytes. The expression of transcription factors was analyzed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and compared among iPS cells, as well as fetal and adult liver cells. iPS cells were cultured with growth factors and RT-PCR was performed to analyze the expression of transcription factors. iPS cells were introduced with transcription factors, cultured with growth factors and subjected to real-time quantitative PCR. Indocyanine green (ICG) was added to the medium as a hepatocyte marker. Sox17, GATA4, GATA6, FoxA2, HEX, HNF4α and C/EBPα were expressed in fetal and adult liver cells, but not in iPS cells. Sox17, GATA6 and HNF4α were expressed after exposure a combination of oncostatin M, epidermal growth factor, retinoic acid, dexamethasone and ITS (OERDITS). When iPS cells were introduced with FoxA2, GATA4, HEX and C/EBPα and cultured with OERDITS for 8 days, the cells expressed α-fetoprotein, δ-like (Dlk)-1 and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GTP), and ICG uptake was observed. Exposure to FoxA2, GATA4, HEX and C/EBPα and culturing with OERDITS supplementation potentially serves as a single-step inducer for the differentiation of iPS cells into hepatic progenitor-like cells within 8 days.
    Biomedical reports. 01/2013; 1(1):18-22.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Transcription factors are essential for the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) into specialized cell types. Embryoid body (EB) formation promotes the differentiation of iPS cells. We sought to establish an efficient method of transfection and rotary culture to generate EBs that stably express two genes. The pMetLuc2-Reporter vector was transfected using FuGENE HD (FuGENE), Lipofectamine LTX (LTX), X-tremeGENE, or TransIT-2020 transfection reagents. The media were analyzed using a Metridia luciferase (MetLuc) assay. Transfections were performed on cells attached to plates/dishes (attached method) or suspended in media (suspension method). The 201B7 cells transfected with episomal vectors were selected using G418 (200 μg/mL) or hygromycin B (300 μg/mL). Rotary culture was performed at 2.5 or 9.9 rpm. Efficiency of EB formation was compared among plates and dishes. Cell density was compared at 1.6 × 103, × 104, and × 105 cells/mL. The suspended method of transfection using the FuGENE HD reagent was the most efficient. The expression of pEBMulti/Met-Hyg was detected 11 d post-transfection. Double transformants were selected 6 d post-transfection with pEBNK/EGFP-Neo and pEBNK/Cherry-Hyg. Both EGFP and CherryPicker were expressed in all of the surviving cells. EBs were formed most efficiently from cells cultured at a density of 1.6 × 105 cells/mL in 6-well plates or 6 cm dishes. The selected cells formed EBs. FuGENE-mediated transfection of plasmids using the suspension method was effective in transforming iPS cells. Furthermore, the episomal vectors enabled us to perform a stable double transfection of EB-forming iPS cells.
    Tissue Engineering Part A 07/2014; · 4.07 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
88 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014