Mitochondria DNA polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to endometriosis.
ABSTRACT Because energy production involves oxidative phosphorylation, mitochondria are major sources of reactive oxygen species in the cell. Recent findings indicate that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants may play a role in the etiology of certain autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between mtDNA polymorphisms and susceptibility to endometriosis. This study included 198 patients with histologically confirmed endometriosis and 167 patients without endometriosis as controls. Common variants of mtDNA at nt10398 (A/G transition), nt13708 (G/A transition), and nt16189 (T/C transition) were detected using polymerase chain reaction. An association study was performed with a chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of the mtDNA nt16189 variant was higher in patients with endometriosis (46.0%, 91 of 198) than in controls (34.7%, 58 of 167) (p=0.030) with odds ratio (OR) of 1.98 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-3.78). A combination of the 10398 and 16189 variants was also associated with increased risk for endometriosis (OR=1.90, 95% CI: 1.13-3.18, p=0.015). These associations remained significant even after adjusting for age and body mass index. Our data strongly suggest that the mtDNA 16189 variants and the combination of mtDNA 16189 and 10398 variants increase susceptibility to endometriosis.
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ABSTRACT: A common variant in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) at bp 16189 (T-->C transition) has been associated with small birth size, adulthood hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance in Caucasians. In this study, we investigated whether mtDNA 16189 variant is associated with metabolic syndrome in Chinese subjects. Six hundred fifteen Chinese adults, aged 40 yr or older, were recruited in this study. The 16189 variant of mtDNA was detected using PCR and restriction enzyme digestion. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed on modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines, using body mass index (BMI) instead of waist circumference. An association study was performed with chi2 test and logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of the 16189 variant was higher in patients with metabolic syndrome than in those without: 44% (125 of 284) vs. 33.2% (110 of 331) (P = 0.006). The association between this 16189 variant of mtDNA and metabolic syndrome (P = 0.021) remained significant even after correcting for age and BMI. As to the individual traits, the prevalence of fasting plasma glucose of at least 110 mg/dl (> or =6.1 mmol/liter) [(51.5% (121 of 235) vs. 42.1% (160 of 380); P = 0.023], type 2 diabetes mellitus [48.1% (113 of 235) vs. 39.2% (149 of 380); P = 0.031], and hypertriglyceridemia [44.3% (104 of 235) vs. 35.8% (136 of 380); P = 0.037] were significantly higher in subjects harboring the 16189 variant of mtDNA than those with the wild type. However, the prevalence of hypertension [53.2% (125 of 235) vs. 47.6% (181 of 380); P = 0.180], BMI greater than 25 kg/m2 [48.5% (114 of 235) vs. 43.9% (167 of 380); P = 0.270], and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [61.3% (144 of 235) vs. 54.7% (208 of 380); P = 0.111] did not reach a significant difference between the two groups. Furthermore, there was a trend of increasing frequency of occurrence of the 16189 variant in individuals having an increasing number of components of metabolic syndrome (Ptrend < 0.005). Our data strongly suggest that mtDNA 16189 variant underlies susceptibility to metabolic syndrome in the Chinese population.The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 10/2005; 90(9):5037-5040. · 6.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mitochondria generate oxygen-derived free radicals that damage mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) as well as nuclear DNA and in turn promote carcinogenesis. The mtDNA G10398A polymorphism alters the structure of Complex I in the mitochondrial electron transport chain, an important site of free radical production. This polymorphism is associated with several neurodegenerative disorders. We hypothesized that the 10398A allele is also associated with breast cancer susceptibility. African mitochondria harbor the 10398A allele less frequently than Caucasian mitochondria, which predominantly carry this allele. Mitochondrial genotypes at this locus were therefore determined in two separate populations of African-American women with invasive breast cancer and in controls. A preliminary study at Vanderbilt University (48 cases, 54 controls) uncovered an association between the 10398A allele and invasive breast cancer in African-American women, [odds ratio (OR), 2.90; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.61-18.3; P = 0.11]. We subsequently validated this finding in a large, population-based, case-control study of breast cancer, the Carolina Breast Cancer Study at the University of North Carolina (654 cases, 605 controls). African-American women in this study with the 10398A allele had a significantly increased risk of invasive breast cancer (OR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.10-2.31; P = 0.013). The 10398A allele remained an independent risk factor after adjustment for other well-accepted breast cancer risk factors. No association was detectable in white women (879 cases, 760 controls; OR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.81-1.31; P = 0.81). This study provides novel epidemiologic evidence that the mtDNA 10398A allele influences breast cancer susceptibility in African-American women. mtDNA polymorphisms may be underappreciated factors in breast carcinogenesis.Cancer Research 10/2005; 65(17):8028-33. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of mitochondria in causing diseases is becoming evident as more and more studies are focusing on this organelle of the cell. This is largely attributed to its reactive oxygen species (ROS) production property. In the context of diabetes, ROS is suggested to trigger different forms of insulin resistance involving different mechanisms. The suggestive role of a mtDNA variant G10398A in increasing ROS production and the impaired response to oxidative stress due to T16189C variant is worth addressing as genetic susceptibility factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A case control study on 312 T2DM cases and ethnically matched 466 controls involving two North Indian populations, referred as cohort 1 and cohort 2 (in a replicative study), was undertaken to test such a genetic association. A statistically significant association was observed for 10398A allele in both the cohorts [cohort1 (OR = 2.67 95% CI 1.77-4.00); cohort2 (OR = 1.76 95%CI 1.12-2.77)]. The analysis of G10398A/T16189C haplotypic combinations revealed that 10398A/16189C haplotype provides a risk in both the cohorts. To sum up the study suggests that 10398A and 16189C alleles provide susceptiblity to T2DM independently as well as together.Human Genetics 03/2007; 120(6):821-6. · 4.63 Impact Factor