Mitochondria DNA polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to endometriosis.
ABSTRACT Because energy production involves oxidative phosphorylation, mitochondria are major sources of reactive oxygen species in the cell. Recent findings indicate that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants may play a role in the etiology of certain autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between mtDNA polymorphisms and susceptibility to endometriosis. This study included 198 patients with histologically confirmed endometriosis and 167 patients without endometriosis as controls. Common variants of mtDNA at nt10398 (A/G transition), nt13708 (G/A transition), and nt16189 (T/C transition) were detected using polymerase chain reaction. An association study was performed with a chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of the mtDNA nt16189 variant was higher in patients with endometriosis (46.0%, 91 of 198) than in controls (34.7%, 58 of 167) (p=0.030) with odds ratio (OR) of 1.98 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-3.78). A combination of the 10398 and 16189 variants was also associated with increased risk for endometriosis (OR=1.90, 95% CI: 1.13-3.18, p=0.015). These associations remained significant even after adjusting for age and body mass index. Our data strongly suggest that the mtDNA 16189 variants and the combination of mtDNA 16189 and 10398 variants increase susceptibility to endometriosis.
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ABSTRACT: Endometriosis is defined as the growth of endometrial glandular and stromal components in ectopic locations and affects as many as 10% of all women of reproductive age. Despite its high prevalence, the pathogenesis of endometriosis remains poorly understood. MicroRNAs, small non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression, are mis-expressed in endometriosis but a functional role in the disease pathogenesis remains uncertain. To examine the role of microRNA-451 (miR-451) in the initial development of endometriosis, we utilized a novel mouse model in which eutopic endometrial fragments used to induce endometriosis were deficient for miR-451. After induction of the disease, we evaluated the impact of this deficiency on implant development and survival. Loss of miR-451 expression resulted in a lower number of ectopic lesions established in vivo. Analysis of differential protein profiles between miR-451 deficient and wild-type endometrial fragments revealed that fibrinogen alpha polypeptide isoform 2 precursor was approximately 2-fold higher in the miR-451 null donor endometrial tissue and this elevated expression of the protein was associated with altered expression of the parent fibrinogen alpha chain mRNA and protein. As this polypeptide contains RGD amino acid "cell adhesion" motifs which could impact early establishment of lesion development, we examined and confirmed using a cyclic RGD peptide antagonist, that endometrial cell adhesion and endometriosis establishment could be respectively inhibited both in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, these results suggest that the reduced miR-451 eutopic endometrial expression does not enhance initial establishment of these fragments when displaced into the peritoneal cavity, that loss of eutopic endometrial miR-451 expression is associated with altered expression of fibrinogen alpha chain mRNA and protein, and that RGD cyclic peptide antagonists inhibit establishment of endometriosis development in an experimental mouse model suggesting that this approach may prove useful in the prevention of endometriosis establishment and survival.PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e100336. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Endometriosis is a complex disease influenced by genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. The aim of the present study was to describe genomic instability, genetic polymorphisms and their haplotype, epigenetic alterations associated with predisposition to endometriosis, and the key factors associated with endometriosis-related ovarian neoplasms. Focus has been given on the developing paradigm that epigenetic alterations or genetic mutations in endometriosis may start in utero or in adolescent and young adults. A search was conducted between 1966 and 2010 through the English language literature (online Medline PubMed database) using the keywords endometriosis combined with epigenetic, genetic and environment. Genetic/epigenetic alterations include single‑nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), copy number variation, loss of heterozygosity (LOH), and promoter methylation. Several genes with genetic polymorphisms analyzed in the present study tended to overlap previously reported endometriosis susceptibility genes. Retrograde menstruation leads to iron overload, which facilitates the accumulation of somatic mutations through Fenton reaction-mediated oxidative stress. The epigenetic disruption of gene expression plays an important role in the development of endometriosis through interaction with environmental changes. There seems to be at least three spatiotemporally distinct phases of the development of endometriosis: the initial phase of genetic background inherited from parents; followed by epigenetic modifications in the female offspring; and iron overload, which is subject to dynamic modulation later in life. In conclusion, the marked regulation of endometriosis susceptibility genes may stem from a mechanism responsible for epigenetic and genetic mutations based on the microenvironmental changes.Molecular Medicine Reports 03/2014; · 1.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate whether mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants affect the susceptibility of Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD).Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 06/2014; · 3.66 Impact Factor