Mitochondria DNA polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to endometriosis.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
DNA and cell biology (Impact Factor: 2.28). 08/2011; 31(3):317-22. DOI: 10.1089/dna.2011.1279
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Because energy production involves oxidative phosphorylation, mitochondria are major sources of reactive oxygen species in the cell. Recent findings indicate that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants may play a role in the etiology of certain autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between mtDNA polymorphisms and susceptibility to endometriosis. This study included 198 patients with histologically confirmed endometriosis and 167 patients without endometriosis as controls. Common variants of mtDNA at nt10398 (A/G transition), nt13708 (G/A transition), and nt16189 (T/C transition) were detected using polymerase chain reaction. An association study was performed with a chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of the mtDNA nt16189 variant was higher in patients with endometriosis (46.0%, 91 of 198) than in controls (34.7%, 58 of 167) (p=0.030) with odds ratio (OR) of 1.98 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-3.78). A combination of the 10398 and 16189 variants was also associated with increased risk for endometriosis (OR=1.90, 95% CI: 1.13-3.18, p=0.015). These associations remained significant even after adjusting for age and body mass index. Our data strongly suggest that the mtDNA 16189 variants and the combination of mtDNA 16189 and 10398 variants increase susceptibility to endometriosis.

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