Test Your Memory test: diagnostic utility in a memory clinic population.
ABSTRACT Test Your Memory (TYM) test is a recently described cognitive test instrument designed to be self-administered under medical supervision. The pragmatic role of such self-administered tests in cognitive clinics has not previously been examined. We investigated the diagnostic utility of the TYM as an independent test to differentiate patients with and without dementia at initial clinical diagnostic interview in dedicated memory clinics.
TYM was administered to consecutive new patient referrals to two memory clinics independent of other tests [Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised] which were used to establish diagnoses according to standard diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV), and results were compared.
In a cohort of 224 patients, 35% fulfilling clinical diagnostic criteria for dementia, TYM proved easy to use and acceptable to patients. Downward adjustment of the TYM test cutoff to ≤30/50, compared to ≤42/50 used in the index study, proved necessary to maximise test accuracy and specificity. Using this revised cutoff, TYM showed comparable diagnostic utility (sensitivity 0.73, specificity 0.88, positive predictive value 0.77, negative predictive value 0.86 and area under receiver operating characteristic curve 0.89) to the MMSE and the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised for the differentiation of cases of dementia from non-dementia.
TYM is a useful screening test in the cognitive function clinic setting, with patients who fall below the designated cutoff requiring further investigation to ascertain a cause for their cognitive impairment. Self-administered tests such as TYM may be of particular value in situations where clinician time is limited.
- SourceAvailable from: Kees J Gorter[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: AIM: To examine the relation of performance on the self-administered Test Your Memory test (TYM) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) with a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in a population sample including people with modest cognitive decrements. METHODS: Eighty-six participants (aged 56-77years), without known cognitive dysfunction, performed a neuropsychological assessment including MMSE, and were asked to fill out the TYM. The relation between both the TYM and the MMSE and a neuropsychological assessment was examined by means of correlation analyses, area under the ROC curves for discriminating between a "normal" and "modest decrements"(≥1SD below the sample mean) group, and Bland-Altman plots. RESULTS: Correlation with the full neuropsychological assessment was significantly stronger for the TYM than the MMSE (r=0.78 versus r=0.55; Steiger's Z=2.66, p<0.01). The TYM showed an area under the ROC-curve of 0.88 (95% CI 0.80 to 0.97) for differentiating between "normal" and "modest decrements" compared with 0.71 (0.53 to 0.90) for the MMSE. Bland-Altman plots showed limits of agreement for the TYM of -1.10 to 1.10 and for the MMSE of -1.39 to 1.38. CONCLUSIONS: The TYM showed good correlation with a neuropsychological assessment, performed better in discriminating between variations of cognition and showed more agreement with a neuropsychological assessment than the MMSE.Journal of the neurological sciences 03/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor