Degree and Predictors of Functional Loss of the Operated Kidney following Nephron-Sparing Surgery: Assessment by Quantitative SPECT of 99m Tc-Dimercaptosuccinic Acid Scintigraphy.

Department of Urology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, 47 Golomb St., Haifa 31048, Israel.
Advances in Urology 01/2011; 2011:961525. DOI: 10.1155/2011/961525
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Purpose. To determine the degree and predictors of renal function loss of the operated kidney following nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). Material and methods. The study group included 113 patients with renal mass who underwent NSS at our institution. QDMSA before and 3-6 months after surgery was used for evaluation differences in renal function of each kidney. Mean change of percent uptake by the kidney was correlated with various clinical and pathological variables. Results. The overall average decrease of renal function of the operated kidney as measured by QDMSA was 10.5% ± 2.6 SER. Among the studied variables, the most important predictors of postoperative ipsilateral residual kidney function were estimated blood loss (EBL), P = 0.0003, duration of warm ischemia, P = 0.008, patient's age at surgery, P = 0.024, method used for tumor bed closure, P = 0.06, and location of the lesion, P = 0.08. Conclusions. Carful hemostasis, minimal duration of arterial clamping, and use of tissue adhesives to seal tumor bed are associated with maximal preservation of postoperative residual renal function after NSS. These variables should be considered by the operative team when planning the surgical procedure .

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    ABSTRACT: Although nephron-sparing surgery has been reported not to affect total renal function, it is a non-negligible fact that functional damage of the operated kidney usually results, for various reasons. This study aimed to explore the effects of preoperative baseline characteristics, tumor characteristics, and function protection methods on postoperative renal damage. This study was a retrospective review of 51 patients who underwent open nephron-sparing surgery. The mean age of the patients (39 men, 12 women) was 54.2 +/- 13.9 years, range 32 to 71 years. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was measured preoperatively and 6th months after the operation. Univariate analysis was used to screen indicators with significant differences in different levels of renal function damage. All variables found to be significant on univariate analysis were entered into a multiple logistic regression model to predict risk factors for renal function damage. Univariate analysis showed that there was a significant difference in age, GFR of operated kidney, tumor diameter, tumor depth, and ischemic protection type between patients with little damage and those with heavy damage (P < 0.05). Forward stepwise logistic regression analysis suggested that age (odds ratio, 3.08; 95% confidence interval 1.78 to 7.04; P = 0.037), preoperative GFR of operated kidney (odds ratio, 0.51; 95% confidence interval 0.11 to 0.73; P = 0.033), and tumor diameter (odds ratio, 5.49; 95% confidence interval 2.14 to 7.88; P = 0.012) and depth (odds ratio, 5.82; 95% confidence interval 2.66 to 8.06; P = 0.010) were independent risk factors for postoperative renal function damage. Patients with older age, poor renal function, and large tumor diameter and depth might be at higher risk of renal function damage after nephron-sparing surgery.
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