Child neurology: Brachial plexus birth injury: what every neurologist needs to know.

School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.3). 08/2011; 77(7):695-7. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31822a6874
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT While most often transient, brachial plexus birth injury can cause permanent neurologic injury. The major risk factors for brachial plexus birth injury are fetal macrosomia and shoulder dystocia. The degree of injury to the brachial plexus should be determined in the neonatal nursery, as those infants with the most severe injury--root avulsion--should be referred early for surgical evaluation so that microsurgical repair of the plexus can occur by 3 months of life. Microsurgical repair options include nerve grafts and nerve transfers. All children with brachial plexus birth injury require ongoing physical and occupational therapy and close follow-up to monitor progress.

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